glyco-, glyc- +

(Greek: sweet, sugar)

A reference to the breaking down of sugars by the process of hydrolysis and the digestion of sugars.
A combination of glycerine and gelatin used in the making of lozenges and pastilles.
A highly branched polysaccharide made of glucose monomers.

The main storage carbohydrate in animals.

glycogenesis, glycogeny
1. The formation of sugar in the body by the liver.
2. The formation or synthesis of glycogen from food.
3. The conversion of glucose to glycogen for storage in the liver.
The biochemical breakdown of glycogen to glucose, the principal circulating sugar in the blood and the major energy source of the body.
glycogeusia (gligh koh GYOO see uh)
A subjective sweet taste or a spontaneous sensation of a sweet taste in the mouth.
glycohemia, glycemia
The presence of glucose (simple sugar) in the blood.

The body makes glucose from proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Glucose is carried to each cell through the bloodstream.

Blood cells can not use glucose without the help of insulin.

An increased concentration of glucose in tears as a result of hyperglycemia.
Having a craving or strong desire for sweets.
A lipid containing carbohydrate groups, usually galactose but also glucose, inositol, or others.
1. A breakdown of sugar in the body.
2. A breakdown of glucose or another organic compound to two pyruvate (colorless organic liquid) molecules.

It is the first stage of aerobic respiration, fermentation, and anaerobic electron transport.

Oxygen has no role in glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm of all cells.

A reference to the metabolic breakdown of glucose, and other sugars, that releases energy.
1. The production in the body of carbohydrates; especially, glycogen, from amino acids, fats, and other non-carbohydrates derived from the breakdown of protein.
2. The formation of sugar in the body from non-carbohydrate food; such as, fats or proteins.
A medical disorder, or illness, resulting from an increased intake, or consumption, of sweets.
1. A deficiency of any or all sugars in an organ or tissue.
2. A deficiency of sugar in the blood or tissues.

Glycopenia may be caused by the administration of too much insulin, excessive secretion of insulin by the islet sells of the pancreas, or the result of a dietary deficiency.

This condition can cause weakness, headache, hunger, visual disturbances, ataxia, anxiety, personality changes, and, if untreated, delirium, coma, and even death.