ergo-, erg-

(Greek: work)

Also see the urg- words that have been "transformed" from the basic elements of this unit.

thermal energy
The kinetic energy associated with the motion of atoms or molecules in a substance; such as, heat.
thermal energy storage, TES
The storage of heat energy by means of sensible or latent heat technologies, in order to provide heating or cooling services at a later date.
total energy expenditure (TEE), total daily energy expenditure (TDEE)
The total energy requirements of a person over the course of an entire day, including rest and sleep as well as actual physical activity.
waste-to-energy (s) (noun), waste-to-energies (pl)
A process that generates energy from useless, discarded materials; especially, by the incineration of municipal solid wastes or (MSW): The waste-to-energy process utilizes "waste" to generate useful energy; such as, electricity, heat, or both.

This waste-to-energy is possible, and convenient, when the heat generated by burning the "waste" is high enough to warrant satisfactory combustion conditions and to make enough energy available to overcome losses and auxiliary consumption.

Characteristics of waste-to-energy production

  • Waste-to-energy is the offspring of the incineration of materials, which were originally introduced to sterilize and to reduce the volume of useless substances by burning it in a furnace.
  • Modern waste-to-energy plants allow the export of energy, with very low environmental impact.
  • The waste-to-energy plant consists of four basic sections: waste combustor, recovery boiler, flue gas treatment, and steam cycle.
  • Waste-to-energy is the process in which municipal waste is used to generate useful energy for electricity, heat, or both.

  • The design of the combustor varies widely with the waste characteristics: physical state (solid versus liquid), size distribution, heating value, ash and moisture content, etc.
  • Municipal solid waste is typically burned on a moving grate, where it is kept 20-30 minutes until it is completely burned.
  • The hot gases generated in the combustor go through the recovery boiler to generate steam, which is used directly as a heat carrier or it is sent to a steam turbine to produce power.
  • Flue gases are treated by adding reactants called sorbents and by filtering the particulate matter.
  • A modern, large plant, treating a half-million tons of municipal solid waste per year, can generate more than 400 million kWh per year, meeting the electricity needs of more than 150,000 families.
—Compiled from information in
"Waste-to-energy" by Stefano Consonni; Dictionary of Energy,
Elsevier Publisher; Oxford, UK; 2006.

Cross references related to "work, toil" word families: argo-; ergasio-; labor-; oper-; pono-; urg-.