ergasio-, ergasi-, ergas-, ergat-

(Greek: work)

1. The study of how a workplace and the equipment used there can best be designed for comfort, efficiency, safety, and productivity.
2. The science of making things fit people instead of asking people to fit things.

Ergonomics uses knowledge from anatomy, mechanics, physiology and psychology to utilize human energy most effectively.

Something that is ergonomic is designed for safe, comfortable, and efficient use; for example, a computer keyboard with an ergonomic design is designed to help the user avoid carpal tunnel syndrome and wrist pain.

3. The quantitative study of the distribution of work performance and efficiency of social insects.
Increased or excessive functional activity.
The malfunctioning of the functions and reactions of the total individual in contradistinction to the functions of individual organs or parts of the human organism.
A worker ant of unusually large size.
A reference to any disorder which results in a partial inability to work or to function; which may occur in a neuroses.
An outmoded term for mental retardation.
Normal intellectual and emotional adjustment.
pathergasia (s) (noun), pathergasias (pl)
Any bodily malfunction or defect that interferes with an individual's psychological adjustment: Jane's parents thought that she wasn't developing emotionally like the other children of her age, and when Jane and her parents went to see Dr. Savage, he diagnosed her as having a case of pathergasia, and recommended she go to a specialist for further diagnosis.
Affective psychoses or the feelings that go with an idea or reaction to a stimulus, including feelings, emotions, and moods.

Cross references related to "work, toil" word families: argo-; ergo-; labor-; oper-; pono-; urg-.