-ectomy, -ectome, -ectomize

(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)

claviculectomy (s) (noun), claviculectomies (pl)
The surgical removal of all or part of a clavicle which is the bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the neck to the shoulder: "A claviculectomy may be performed in some cases of thyroid cancer or other tumors, osteomyelitis of the clavicle, or when there is a limitation of arm movements where the shoulder joint has become fused together."

Clavical is a misspelling of clavicle.

clitorectomy, clitoridectomy, clitoral amputation
A surgical procedure in which all or part of the clitoris and sometimes also the labia are removed.

Clitorectomy is a form of female circumcision (female genital mutilation).

Partial or complete removal of the clitoris, prepuce, or labia of a girl or young woman, as practised among certain cultures, especially in parts of Africa and western Asia.

The excision of the clitoris, usually performed as part of female initiation rites, mainly among certain African peoples, but also sometimes used in various societies to curb sexual desire; female circumcision.

Surgical removal of the coccyx.

The coccyx is the last bone of the spinal column, sometimes referred to as man's vestigial tail. It is also identified as the last portion of the vertebral column just below the sacrum.

colectomy, proctocolectomy
Large intestine surgery: colon resection; resection of part of the large intestine.

Large bowel resection is surgery to remove part of your large bowel. The large bowel connects the small intestine to the anus. It is also called the large intestine or colon.

In most cases, the bowel is cleaned before the surgery with enemas and medication.

The surgery is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia. A cut is made in the abdomen. The diseased part of the large bowel is removed and the two healthy ends of the bowel are sewn back together (resected). Then the cut is closed.

If the entire colon and rectum is removed, it is called a proctocolectomy.

A bowel resection may be performed as a traditional "open" procedure or as a minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure.

To aid in the healing of the bowel, a temporary opening of the colon through the abdominal wall may be created. This is called a colostomy. The end of the bowel near the small intestine is then passed through the abdominal wall, and stitched in place. A drainage bag (stoma appliance) is placed around the opening.

In most cases, the colostomy is temporary and can be closed with another operation at a later date. If a large portion of the bowel is removed, the colostomy may be permanent.

The large bowel absorbs a significant amount of water from digested food. When the colon is bypassed by a colostomy, loose or liquid stool (feces) will collect in the drainage bag. Careful skin care and a well-fitting colostomy bag are necessary to reduce skin irritation around the colostomy.

Excision of the colliculus seminalis.

The colliculus seminalis, or seminal colliculusn, is the elevated portion of the urethral crest (longitudinal mucosal fold in the dorsal wall of the urethra) upon which open the two ejaculatory ducts and the prostatic utricle (minute pouch in the prostate opening).

1. Surgery to remove the colon and rectum.
2. The surgical removal of the entire colon and rectum and the creation of an end ileostomy.

An ileostomy is an operation that makes it possible for feces (human wastes) to leave the body, after the colon and rectum are removed, in which an opening is made in the abdomen and the bottom of the small intestine (ileum) attaches to it.

Another explanation of an ileostomy states that it is an opening into the ileum, the lower part of the small intestine, from the outside of the body; therefor, an ileostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after the colon and the rectum have been removed.

A partial or complete surgical excision of the vagina.
Vaginal hysterectomy or the removal of the uterus through a surgical incision, not of the abdomen but, within the vagina.

With a vaginal hysterectomy, the scar is not outwardly visible. A vaginal hysterectomy is the opposite of an abdominal hysterectomy.

Vaginal myomectomy or the removal of a myoma (a benign fibroid tumor) of the uterus through the vagina.

The term fibroid refers to benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. This condition may cause irregular vaginal bleeding.

Excision of a condyle (the rounded articular, or joint, surface at the extremity of a bone).
1. Surgical removal of a vocal cord.
2. Surgical removal of a part of the spinal cord.
1. The surgical excision of a full-thickness piece of the iris in the eye.
2. Surgery of the pupil of the eye.
coronoidectomy (s) (noun), coronoidectomies (pl)
The surgical removal of the sharp triangular projection from a bone of the mandible or jaw bone.
1. Removal of a specific portion of the cerebral cortex (outer portion of the brain).
2. Excision of part of the cerebral cortex for the relief of unmanageable pain or; especially, as a treatment for certain mental disorders; also identified as, topectomy.
costectomy, costatectomy
Surgical excision or resection of a rib.

Related cutting-word units: cast-; castrat-; -cise, -cide; mutil-; put-; sec-, seg-; temno-; -tomy; trunc-.

-Ectomy Word-Sources of Definitions