-ectomy, -ectome, -ectomize

(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)

Removal of the epoophoron (a group of tubules often found near the ovary or oviduct).
A surgical operation to remove a portion of the esophagus (the tube that connects the pharynx, or throat, with the stomach).

The esophagus lies between the trachea (windpipe) and the spine.

1. Excision of the esophagus and stomach, usually the distal portion of the esophagus and the proximal (nearer) stomach.
2. The removal of a portion of the lower esophagus and proximal stomach for treatment of neoplasms or strictures of those organs; especially, lesions at or near the cardioesophageal (the cardia or stomach immediately adjacent to and surrounding the cardiac or primary opening of the esophagus of the stomach and the esophagus) junction.
3. Excision of part of the esophagus (especially the lower third) and adjacent stomach tissue.
An inaccurate term for esophagopharyngolaryngectomy.
Excision of the larynx in continuity with the laryngopharynx and esophagus as a preliminary to the restoration of swallowing by visceral transposition via the posterior mediastinum.

The operation is indicated for certain malignant tumors of the cervical esophagus and hypopharynx.

Excision of fragments of bone following fractures caused by projectiles.
Removal of all or part of the mucosal (mucous) lining and bony partitions between the ethmoid (bone) sinuses.
exostectomy, exostosectomy
Removal of an exostosis (a non cancerous growth on the surface of a bone).
facetectomy (s) (noun), facetectomies (pl)
Excision or surgical removal of a smooth circumscribed surface; such as, the articular facet of a bone: Cedric was a patient who had a facetectomy that involved the necessary removal of three facets from his spine.
fasciectomy (s) (noun), fasciectomies (pl)
Excision of strips of flat layers of fibrous tissues that cause a scar.
The surgical removal of a fibroid tumor.

An older term for certain fibromas and leiomyomas.

Fibromas are benign (non-cancerous) tumors which consist of fibrous tissues or connective tissue.

Although most connective tissue has fibrillar elements, the term usually refers to tissue laid down at a wound site well vascularised at first (granulation tissue) but later avascular and dominated by collagen rich extracellular matrix, forming a scar.

Excessive contraction and hyperplasia leads to formation of a keloid which is described as a sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scar resulting from the formation of excessive amounts of collagen in the corium during connective tissue repair.

Leiomyomas are described as benign uterine tumors which are also referred to as uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids can cause pelvic pain and irregular vaginal bleeding in some females.

Removal of a fibroma or a fibroid tumor (a benign or non-cancerous tumor which consists of connective tissue).
Excision of a fibromyoma (benign uterine tumor also referred to as a uterine fibroid or the smooth muscle tumors of the uterus).
1. Surgical excision of a uterine myoma (benign tumor made up of muscular elements).
2. Removal of a fibromyoma from the uterus, leaving that organ in place.
Surgical amputation of the fimbria (fringelike structure) of the fallopian tube for purposes of sterilization.

Related cutting-word units: cast-; castrat-; -cise, -cide; mutil-; put-; sec-, seg-; temno-; -tomy; trunc-.

-Ectomy Word-Sources of Definitions