ag-, agen-, act-, agi-, agit-

(Latin: to set in motion, to hurry, to shake; to drive; to do, to act; to lead, to conduct, to guide)

1. Refusing to moderate one's position; especially, an extreme position; uncompromising.
2. Stubbornly refusing to compromise.
intransigent (s) (noun), intransigents (pl)
Anyone who is stubbornly or unreasonably refusing to consider changing a decision or an attitude: Max and Maxine were two married intransigents who could not agree on many issues and argued almost constantly.

Although the cartoon is expressing an adjective, it also provides a better understanding of this noun form.

Refusing to agree or to compromise.
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1. Someone who is involved in a disagreement that is being examined in a court of law: "It's possible that a litigant will find that his or her case will fit into two or three legal categories."
2. A person who is involved in a lawsuit or who is suing another person or is being sued by someone.
litigaphobia (s) (noun) (no plural)
An abnormal anxiety about being sued or or lawsuits: Jack, who was quite poor and having litigaphobia, was not only terrified of lawyers, but also feared any kind of litigation procedures where he would have to pay money, which he didn't have, or even have to go to jail!
litigate, litigates, litigating, litigated (verb forms)
1. To engage in legal proceedings: "The company's unwillingness to make a deal increased her desire to litigate."
2. To institute legal proceedings against someone or an organization; to file a suit against: "They agreed to litigate all disputes in the court tomorrow."
3. Etymology: from the early 17th century, from Latin litigat-, past participle of litigare, lit-, "lawsuit" + agere, "to drive".
litigation (s), litigations (pl)
1. The process of carrying on lawsuits or a specific lawsuit: "She is involved in litigation against the city."
2. The use of the legal system to settle a dispute or a disagreement: "Although the court proceedings took place last month, the case is still in litigation."
3. The act or process of bringing about or contesting a lawsuit or all lawsuits collectively: "The workers' complaints are still in litigation."
1. Inclined or showing an inclination to dispute or to disagree; even to engage in law suits: "She had a litigious and acrimonious attitude instead of trying to work things out with negotiations."
2. Referring to a person who constantly brings or who prolongs legal actions; particularly when the legal maneuvers are unnecessary or unfounded.

Such people often enjoy legal battles, the controversy, the courtroom, and the spotlight; so, they use the courts to punish enemies, to seek profits, and to pursue minor issues which do not deserve judicial attention.

3. Etymology: from the late 14th century, "fond of disputes", from Latin litigiosus "contentious, quarrelsome"; from litigium, "dispute, strife" which is related to litigare, "to dispute, to quarrel, to strive," from litem, "lawsuit, dispute, quarrel, strife" + root of agere, "to drive, to conduct".
1. A reference to being excessively ready to go to law.
2. Of or relating to litigation; that is, inclined to or showing an inclination to dispute to disagree, even to quickly engage in law suits instead of trying to negotiate an agreement.
1. A strong inclination to dispute or to disagree with others; especially, through civil law suits. 2. A disposition to engage in or to carry on lawsuits or an inclination to be argumentative.