mantel-, mantle-, -manteau +
(Latin: mantellum, cloak, veil; by way of Middle English, from Old English mentel and from Old French mantel; resulting in English words about: mantle, mantel, and manteau)
2. To destroy something by removing key elements; such as, an institution or system by removing its essential parts: The school program was dismantled because there was a lack of funding.
3. To strip a room or a building of its furniture or equipment: The buildings were dismantled so they could be demolished and new constructions be done to replace them.
4. Etymology: from the 1570's, from Middle French desmanteler, "to tear down the walls of a fortress", literally, "to strip off a cloak"; from des-, "off, away" or dis-, "apart, lack of, not" + manteler, "to cloak, to mantle".
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2. That which has been disassembled, pulled down, or taken apart: "The dismantlement of the machines make it possible for the company to transport them in pieces instead of moving such gigantic equipment."
"The dismantlement of the power plant was more expensive than anticipated."3. The divestment (reduction or disposal) of a dress, a covering, etc.: "The dismantlement of the leaves from the trees was a result of the strong wind."
2. A person who ends a political or economic system or who gets rid of an institution: "There were fears that the new governor would be the dismantler of the state education system."
3. Protestors or demonstrators are usually trying to change the current system of government or an economic system: "The dismantlers in the streets wanted to change the political leadership because they could not get jobs even though they were educated and many were experienced in vocational fields."
"There are those who feel that there should be more dismantlings of government programs in order cut down on the excessive debt."
2. Several rays of the family Mobulidae, inhabiting tropical and subtropical seas and having a large flattened body, winglike pectoral fins, a whiplike tail, and two hornlike fins that project forward from the head.
Also called devilfish, manta ray, sea devil.3. A blanket that is used as a cloak, shawl, or a horse blanket.
4. A rough-textured cotton fabric or blanket made and used in Spanish America and the southwest United States.
5. A movable military shelter formerly used to protect besiegers; such as, when attacking a fortress.
2. A gown worn by women.
2. Etymology: from the late 15th century, "short, loose, sleeveless cloak"; a variant spelling of mantle.
The sense of "movable shelter for soldiers besieging a fort" is from 1520's.
The meaning of "timber" or "stone supporting the masonry above a fireplace" was first recorded in the 1510's.
2. Something that covers, envelops, or conceals: Looking up into the sky was like looking at a dark blue mantle overspreading the earth.
A tragedy almost happened when the glamorous opera star, wearing an elegant mantle, leaned against the mantel of the fireplace and her mantle almost caught on fire.
2. A small circle of wire mesh in a gas or oil lamp that gives out incandescent light when heated by the flame it surrounds.
3. A role or position, especially one that can be passed from one person to another: "He assumed the mantle of the CEO of the company."
4. Something which envelops or covers something else: "The city was covered for over a week with a mantle of snow."
5. To unfold and to spread out the wings, like a mantle; for example, the way hawks do it.
6. The wings, shoulder feathers, and back feathers of a bird when colored differently from the rest of the body which enclose the body like a cloak.
7. The part of the brain that includes the convolutions (elevations on the surfaces of structures and the infolding of the tissues upon themselves), corpus callosum (arched bridge of nervous tissue that connects the two cerebral hemispheres, allowing communication between the right and left sides of the brain), and the fornix (fold in the shape of an arch of two bands of white fibers in the brain).
8. A tissue covering most of the body of mollusks which secretes the shell(s), and in shell-less mollusks , it is tough and protective.
The mantle is folded to enclose the mantle cavity, which contains the respiratory organs.
In squids, the mantle cavity has muscular walls which contract to force water out of the mantle cavity that propels the animal quickly through the water.
Mantle convection has been compared to the motions which occur inside a pot of boiling tar.
Heat which is supplied from below lowers the viscosity of the tar and causes it to rise slowly to the surface, where it cools and sinks o the bottom to be reheated.
The "skin" which forms on the top is similar to the earth's lithosphere.
The hot plastic asthenosphere, part upper mantle and lower crust about 186 miles (300 kilometers) thick, separates the more brittle crust-mantle lithosphere above from the mesosphere below.
This is thought to be responsible for the movement of the lithospheric plates (crustal plates) which slowly "carry" the continents around the planet.
The more solid mesosphere, which is located below he asthenosphere, includes part of the upper and all of the lower mantle.
2. The nuclear zone of the developing neural tube between the marginal layer and the ependymal layer (covering of internal and external surfaces of the body, including the lining of vessels and other small cavities); which forms the gray matter of the central nervous system.