capit-, capt-, cap-, cep-, ceps-, chapt-, chef, cip-

(Latin: head; leader, chief, or first)

It may be surprising to see that a "captain" and a "chef" both belong to the same word family; however, a captain is, of course, the "head of a company of military soldiers", and a "chef is the captain of a group of cooks".

A chef, especially to those who love good food, is not a lowly official; and when it is remembered that the old saying that "an army travels on its stomach", a chef is every bit as important as a captain.

When the French borrowed words from Latin, they frequently used soft sounds. These French words, with their softer sounds, then made their way into the English language. At the same time, English borrowed words directly from Latin. So it is that in English we often have two words which share the same root, but which have different, though related, forms and meanings.

—Compiled from information located in
Words Come in Families by Edward Horowitz, Ph.D.;
Hart Publishing Company, Inc.; New York; 1977; pages 39-42.

Don't confuse the words in this capit-, capt- unit with those in the cap-, cip-, "catch, seize" unit.

seborrhea capitis (s) (noun) (no pl)
Seborrhea of the scalp: Peter noticed that his head was itching, and his dermatologist said that he had a condition of seborrhea capitis, a disease relating to the increase and quality of the fats formed by the sebaceous follicles.
1. Three-headed; specifically, of a muscle having three heads or points of origin.
2. A triceps muscle; specifically, that of the thigh and of the upper arm.
venture capital (s) (noun) (no pl)
Money used for investment in projects that involve a high risk but offer the possibility of large profits; risk capital: Some groups or individual persons who invest venture capital in a new enterprise, hope very much that their financial backing will pay off someday!

There are some startups where venture capital helped firms to be successful, like WhatsApp and Spotify.