capit-, capt-, cap-, cep-, ceps-, chapt-, chef, cip-
(Latin: head; leader, chief, or first)
It may be surprising to see that a "captain" and a "chef" both belong to the same word family; however, a captain is, of course, the "head of a company of military soldiers", and a "chef is the captain of a group of cooks".
A chef, especially to those who love good food, is not a lowly official; and when it is remembered that the old saying that "an army travels on its stomach", a chef is every bit as important as a captain.
When the French borrowed words from Latin, they frequently used soft sounds. These French words, with their softer sounds, then made their way into the English language. At the same time, English borrowed words directly from Latin. So it is that in English we often have two words which share the same root, but which have different, though related, forms and meanings.
Don't confuse the words in this capit-, capt- unit with those in the cap-, cip-, "catch, seize" unit.
2. A reason or cause of a certain event or action: Jane thought that stress was the precipitant of the development of cancer in her breast.
2. To cause a liquid or solid forms of water, condensed in the atmosphere, to fall to the ground as rain, snow, or hail, or fall in such a form.
3. To throw someone or something from a great height, or to fall from a great height.
4. To cause a substance in solution to settle down in solid particles; the solid that settles out of a solution.
5. A deposit made or substance thrown down.
6. Occurring with undue rapidity: The steep rise in prices for gas precipitated street rioting.
7. In immunology, the product of interaction between soluble macromolecular antigen and the homologous antibody; that is, the antigen-antibody complex formed as a consequence of the reaction of pneumococcus capsular polysaccharide in solution with specific antiserum.
8. Etymology: from Latin praeceps, praecipitis, "headlong, steep"; from prae-, "before, forth" + caput, "head".
2. A casting down or falling headlong.
3. A hastening or hurrying in movement, procedure, or action.
4. Sudden haste.
5. Unwise or rash rapidity.
6. In meteorology, falling products of condensation in the atmosphere; such as, rain, snow, or hail: "When the weather forecast predicts a high precipitation level, people should expect a lot of rain or snow."
7. The amount of rain, snow, hail, etc., that has fallen at a given place within a given period, usually expressed in inches or centimeters of water.
8. In chemistry and physics: the precipitating of a substance from a solution.
9. Etymology: "sudden haste", from Middle French precipitation (15th century); directly from Latin praecipitationem, praecipitatio, "act" or "fact of falling headlong, haste, steep place"; from praecipitare, "to throw headlong, to fall, to be hasty"; from praeceps "headlong, steep"; which was a compound formed from the prefix prae-, "in front" + capit, caput, "head".
2. Etymology: "abrupt, hasty"; later, "rushing headlong; probably formed partly in English from Latin praecipitium, "precipice" meaning "steep, headlong, headfirst"+ English -ous, "characterized by".
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2. Very suddenly and to a great degree: If a reduction or increase is precipitous, it is fast.
"In Latin, this muscle's full formal name is musculus quadriceps femoris."
2. To summarize or to repeat something in a more concise form: "Rena recapped the headlines near the end of the news program."
2. To repeat briefly: The speaker was told that his point was understood and that it was not necessary to recapitulate anything.
3. Etymology: from Latin recapitulare, "to sum up"; from re-, "again" + capitulare, "to draw up under headings"; from capitulum, "little head", "chapter"; from caput, "head".