poen-, peno-, poino-, poin-, puni-, pain-, penal-, pent-
(Greek > Latin: pain, punishment, penalty)
2. Etymology: meaning of "to hit with the fist" was first recorded 1520's, probably influenced by punish; the noun sense of "a blow with the fist" is recorded by 1570's; from Middle English punchen, "to thrust, prod; from Old French poinçonner, ponchonner, "to emboss with a punch; from poinçon, ponchon, "pointed tool"; from Latin punire, "to inflict a penalty on, to cause pain for some offense"; from earlier poenire, from poena, "penalty, punishment".
2. Freedom from any risk of retribution for doing something wrong or bad: Impunity applies to someone who is given the right to say or do something that others would not have privilege to do.
3. Etymology: from the 1530's which came from Latin impunitatem, impunitas, "freedom from punishment, omission of punishment"; from impunis, "unpunished, without punishment"; from in-, "not" + poena, "punishment".
The root word punity, has the same origin as "punished". When the negative im-, "not" is added, then impunity has the meaning of "not being punished" for what someone says or does.
Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
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No one shall be placed in peril (jeopardy) of legal penalties more than once upon the same accusation.
Double jeopardy is forbidden in the United States constitution and protects against a second prosecution for the same offense after acquittal or conviction and against multiple punishments for the same offense.
2. A sensation of pain in a particular part of the body: "The child was complaining of pains in the lower abdomen."
3. Severe emotional or mental distress: "He suffered a pain of rejection."
4. Someone, or something, that is extremely annoying or causes many problems: "Her constant complaining was a real pain."
2. Concerning something which shows diligent and meticulous work and effort: Gertrud's local newspaper presented the illegal processes with painstaking care about how some criminals were taking advantage of people by pretending to be relatives who were in great financial need.