Atomic number: 72
Year discovered: 1923
Discovered by: Dirk Coster (1889-1950), Dutch physicist, and György C. de Hevesty (1885-1966), Hungarian chemist; developed in a Copenhagen laboratory.
- Hafnium was thought to be present in various zirconium minerals and concentrations for many years prior to its discovery in 1923.
- It was finally identified in zircon (a zirconium ore) from Norway by means of X-ray analysis.
- It was named in honor of the city in which the discovery was made, namely, Copenhgen.
- Most zirconium minerals contain 1% to 5% hafnium and it is their chemical similarity which made their separation difficult.
- It was originally separated from zirconium by repeated recrystallization of double ammonium or potassium fluorides.
- Earlier, G. Urbain and A. Dauvillier had given the name “celtium” to the element of atomic number 72, for which Urbain obtained some evidence from X-ray spectra in 1911.
Name in other languages:
Information about other elements may be seen at this Chemical Elements List.
A special unit about words that include chemo-, chem- may be seen here.