Atomic number: 100
Year discovered: 1952
Discovered by: Albert Ghiorso (born July 15, 1915) and co-workers at Argonne, Los Alamos, New Mexico; and the University of California at Berkeley.
- Fermium was identified by Albert Ghiorso and co-workers (Berkeley, California, USA) in 1952 in the radioactive debris from a thermonuclear explosion in the Pacific.
- Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) died in the months preceding the laboratory study of the elements and this element was named in his honor.
- Fermi was born in Italy, went to the U.S. in 1938, and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1944.
- He is considered one of the chief architects of the nuclear age.
- Fermi is given credit for discovering slow neutrons.
- In 1938, he was awarded the Nobel prize for physics and the discovery of neutron-induced nuclear reactions.
- He worked on the atomic bomb project at Los Alamos, New Mexico.
Name in other languages:
Information about other elements may be seen at this Chemical Elements List.
A special unit about words that include chemo-, chem- may be seen here.