(Greek > Latin > French: beside, alongside)

scaffold (s), scaffolds (pl)
1. A temporary framework of poles and planks that is used to support workers and materials during the erection, repair, or decoration of a building.
2. An elevated platform on which a criminal is executed, usually by hanging.
3. A raised platform or stage for exhibiting spectacles, seating spectators, etc.
4. Any raised framework.
5. A suspended platform that is used by painters, window washers, and others for working on a tall structure; such as, a house, any building, a skyscraper, etc.
6. In metallurgy, any piling or fusion of materials in a blast furnace, obstructing the flow of gases and preventing the uniform descent of the charge.
7. A system of raised frameworks; scaffolding.
8. As a verb, to furnish with a scaffold or scaffolding.
9. To support by or to place on a scaffold.
10. In physiology, the anatomic or prosthetic support for the facial contour.
11. In genomic mapping, a series of contigs that are in the right order but not necessarily connected in one continuous stretch of sequence.
12. Etymology: originally it referred to any sort of "platform", and did not narrow down to "platform for executions" until the 16th century.

A phetic (disappearance or loss of an unstressed initial vowel or syllable) of an Old Norman French, variant of Old French eschafaut, "scaffold"; probably altered by the influence ofeschace, "a prop, a support"; from chaffaut; from Vulgar Latin, catafalicum; from French catafalque, from Italian catafalco, "scaffold"; from Vulgar Latin catafalicum, from Greek kata-, "down"; used in Modern Latin with a sense of "beside, alongside" + fala, "scaffolding".

scaffold nail
A nail used in building temporary structures which has a stop on its shank to prevent its being driven in all the way and to leave the head free for pulling out later.
1. A scaffold.
2. Shakespeare glossary: the gallery of a theater.
1. To provide or support with a raised framework or platform.
2. To place on a raised framework or a platform on which theatrical performances are presented or an area in which actors perform.
scaffolding, scaffoldings
1. A scaffold or system of scaffolds around or against a building.
2. Materials for building a scaffold; such as, the poles and planks used to build a scaffold.