(Latin: servire, to serve, to be a slave; slave; slavery)
From Latin servire, to be a slave, to serve; from servus, slave, which is an Etruscan loan word. Of course, the modern use of "serve" has gone beyond the "slavery" aspect, but we are considering the etymology of the words which apparently came from the original idea of "slavery".
This Latin serv- is not related to another serv-, -serve which means "to save, to preserve".
Every defendant in court deserves a fair trial."2. To be entitled to, in return for services or meritorious actions; or sometimes, for ill deeds and qualities; to be worthy to have: "She doesn't deserve the award."
"He has earned a well-deserved vacation for all of the work he has done."3. To have earned something or be worthy of something: "The volunteer deserved a medal for coming up with a solution so quickly."
"The guide said that anyone who doesn't use the free map when traveling in the mountains deserves to get lost."4. Etymology: from the early 13th century, from Old French deservir and Modern French desservir, "to deserve, to be worthy of, to earn, to merit"; from Latin deservire "to serve well"; from de-, "completely" + servire, "to serve".
"Jim won first prize, and deservedly so."2. In a way which is justly and fully earned or merited: "The coach was deservedly popular with his team."
"She was deservedly praised for her generosity in helping the poor get food."
"Do you think he will disserve you again?"
2. To do something that makes the opinions of people about someone or something not to be as good as it should be: "To describe her as merely a journalist is to do her a disservice."
"She did a great disservice to the professionals at the day-care center when she referred to them as 'babysitters'."
"Calling her lazy and uncaring does the nurse a great disservice."3. An action that is intended to help others but which turns out badly: "He did a disservice to readers by providing the wrong information even though he sincerely thought he was doing the right thing."
From Seneca, who may have been referring to those who indulged in the unbridled pursuit of pleasure and other physical excesses.
Motto of Colby-Sawyer College, New London, New Hampshire, USA.
2. An agricultural worker under various similar systems; especially, in the 18th century and the 19th century Russia and eastern Europe.
3. Someone who is in bondage or servitude.
4. Etymology: from the late 15th century, "slave"; from Middle French (about 1400 to 1600) serf; from Latin servum, servus, "slave".
It fell from use in the original sense of "slave" by the 18th century. The meaning of "lowest class of cultivators of the soil in continental European countries" came from the 1610's.
2. To go on the internet or to watch television for recreation, education, or entertainment; frequently changing the site or channel: James likes to surf the internet looking for information that can provide sources of information for his university classes.
He felt like a serf having to work so much all week; so, it was a relief on the weekend when he could surf the internet and learn some new things.
Serfs differed from slaves in that slaves could be bought and sold without reference to the land; however, serfs changed lords only when the land they worked on changed to ownership.
Serfdom was the enforced labor of serfs on the fields of landowners, in return for protection and the right to work on their leased fields; and it involved not only work in fields, but also various other activities; such as, forestry, mining, transportation (both land and river), and various crafts.
2. Someone in public employ.
2. To be useful or helpful for a particular purpose.
2. A system or operation by which people are provided with something they need, e.g., public transportation, or the organization that runs such a system.