-onym, -onymy, -onymic, -onymically, -onymous, -onymously, -nym
(Greek: name; word)
2. The relationship between lexical items that are binary opposites in meaning (example: alive and dead), gradable opposites in meaning (example: young and old), or converse opposites (example: buy and sell).
The term aptonym is used for "people whose names and occupations, workplaces, or situations have a close correspondence", according to Frank Nuessel in The Study of Names.
2. Etymology: term used for "people whose names and occupations or situations have a close correspondence".
A compound word that consists of the adjective apt, from Latin via Middle English meaning, "suitable", or "appropriate" + Greek -nym, "name".
Examples of aptonyms or aptronyms
- Peter Hammer, a hardware store clerk
- Nita House, a real estate agent
- Dr. Barret Hyman, an obstetrician and gynecologist
- Dr. Joseph C. Babey, a pediatrician
- Thomas Edison, a General Electric employee
- Ken Lawless, a police chief
- Fred Couch, an upholsterer
- Cathy Book, a bookstore clerk
- Bob Counts, an accountant
- Leonard Divine, a rabbi
- Dr. Knapp, an anesthesiologist
- Lawrence E. Lawhead, an attorney
- Dr. Carey Parrett, a veterinarian
- Jerry Frisk, a security guard
- Joe B. Musselman, a body builder
- James Splatter, a painter
- George Wheeler, independent trucker
- Sue Yoo, a lawyer
- Will Wynn, former mayor of Austin, Texas (2003-2009)
Attributed to Franklin P. Adams, as discussed in the book, What's In a Name, by Paul Dickson.
Some actual names include: Dan Druff, a barber; Felicity Foote, a dance teacher; James Bugg, an exterminator; Will Snow, an arctic explorer; and William Wordsworth, the poet.
An example is the word fast, which when referring to a fast runner means a runner who runs rapidly or swiftly; but when it refers to a fast color, it means a color that doesn't run at all.
Based on information from Word and Phrase Origins2. A word which is the opposite in meaning of another word with the same spelling: Example of autantonyms include: cleave which means "to cling" or "to split"; "to dust" can mean to remove dust when cleaning one's house or to add dust as when putting powdered sugar on a cake.
2. The name given to itself by a tribe, social group, or people, as distinguished from a name given by foreign tribes or by anyone else.
3. A word that describes itself; such as, "pronoun is a pronoun", "polysyllabic is polysyllabic", "abbrv. is an abbreviation", "word is a word", etc.
Another example of a bacronym is BANANA, or "Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anybody", and GOD, or "Guaranteed Overnight Delivery".
2. A name, especially a taxonomic name, that is considered linguistically undesirable or bad: When correcting Tomas' essay on biological terms, the instructor was amused by some of the caconyms which he used and which needed to be corrected because they were not relevant to the context of the subject.
2. Reference to a wrong (bad) name for something; especially, in the classification of plants and animals.
Was reading an ad in Reading, Mass.
Long-suffering Job secured a job
To polish piles of Polish brass.
Moved to a rainier Mount Rainier.
It would have been so nice in Nice,
And even tangier in Tangier.