acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity

(Latin: sour [sharp])

arachidonic acid
1. In biochemistry, an unsaturated acid, obtained from lecithin; a fatty acid essential for growth of mammals, but which can be synthesized from linoleic acid; from Arachis, a generic name for the peanut.
2. Arachidonic acid is found only in animal fats, as in egg yolk and liver.
3. Coined from the modern Latin stem arachid-, "peanut" (from Greek arakhos, "a type of leguminous plant").
Capable of combining with an acid in two different proportions.
butyric acid
1. An acid of unpleasant odor occurring in butter, cod liver oil, sweat, and many other substances.
2, A fatty acid derived from butter but rare in most fats.

It is a viscid liquid with a rancid odor; and is used in disinfectants, emulsifying agents, and pharmaceuticals.

deacidify (verb), deacidifies; deacidified; deacidifying
To remove the acid content from something or to reduce it.
Capable of combining with two acid radicals.
A term applied to an acid containing hydrogen, to distinguish it from an oxyacid, or oxacid, containing oxygen; now, especially, to the halogen acids, or simple compounds of hydrogen with chlorine, bromine, iodine, fluorine, or cyanogen.
hyperacid, hyperacidity
An abnormally high degree of acidity, as of the gastric juice.
Deficiency of acid; lack of normal acidity, as of the gastric juice.
Acidosis, as in diabetes or starvation, caused by the enhanced production of ketone (linking two carbon atoms) bodies.

A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination of ketosis and acidosis. Ketosis is the accumulation of substances called ketone bodies in the blood. Acidosis is increased acidity of the blood.

Symptoms of ketoacidosis include slow, deep breathing with a fruity odor to the breath; confusion; frequent urination (polyuria); poor appetite; and eventually loss of consciousness.

The treatment of ketoacidosis is a matter of urgency and is usually done in a hospital. It may require the administration of intravenous fluids, insulin, and glucose, and the institution of changes in the person's diet.

Acidosis due to increased lactic acid.
linoleic acid
A colorless liquid, essential to human nutrition, found in linseed and other natural oils and used in making soaps, emulsifiers, and quick-drying oils.
The presence of an excess of fatty acids in the blood, as in diabetes mellitus.
1. The presence of fatty acids in the urine.
2. Urinary excretion of fatty acids, which is increased in ketoacidosis.
Having the power of saturating one molecule of a monobasic acid (an acid containing only one replaceable hydrogen atom per molecule).

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-; pung- (not "sour").