zymo-, zym-, -zyme, -zymic
(Greek: ferment, fermentation; leavenl; a leavening agent, a leavening catalyst)
2. Referring to something that has been produced without fermentation: Greg learned that the azymous bread that he bought contained no yeast or leavening.
2. A protein, or protein-based molecule, that speeds up a chemical process in a living organism: An enzyme acts as catalyst for specific chemical reactions, converting a specific set of reactants, called substrates, into specific products. Without enzymes, life as we know it would not exist.
3. Any of numerous proteins or conjugated proteins produced by living organisms and functioning as biochemical catalysts: There are at least 66 types of enzymes, including cholinesterase, coagulase, and histamines.
Enzymes are classified according to the recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry.
Each enzyme is assigned a recommended name and an Enzyme Commission (EC) number.
Enzymes are divided into six main groups, oxidoreductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases, and ligases.
The lysozymes exist naturally in egg white, human tears, saliva, and other body fluids, and it is capable of destroying the cell walls of certain bacteria and thereby acts as a mild antiseptic.