-phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy +

(Greek: talk, speak, say)

fluent aphasia
1. Aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability to understand spoken or written words.
2. A condition in which speech is well articulated (usually 200 or more words per minute) and grammatically correct, but which is lacking in content and meaning.
global aphasia, mixed aphasia, total aphasia
1. Total aphasia involving all the functions that go to make up speech and communication.
2. A condition in which all aspects of speech and communication are severely impaired.

At best, patients can understand or speak only a few words or phrases; however, they cannot read or write.

1. The uttering of words other than those intended by the speaker; also, heterolalia and heterophemia.
2. Saying words other than the ones that are meant.
1. A driving compulsion, or an abnormal desire, to talk.
2. The overwhelming urge to be saying something.
impressive aphasia
1. Aphasia that is characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability to understand spoken or written words.
2. Aphasia in which there is impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words, associated with effortless, articulated, but paraphrastic (expressing the same message in different words), speech and writing.

Malformed words, substitute words, and neologisms (newly invented words) are characteristic. When severe, and speech is incomprehensible, it is called "jargon aphasia".

The patient often appears unaware of his deficit.

jargon aphasia
The utterances, or speaking, of meaningless phrases; either neologisms, or incoherently arranged known words.
logaphasia, logophasia
1. A speech, or writing defect, resulting from damage to the brain.
2. A defect, or loss, of the ability to speak or to write.
3. Motor aphasia, usually the result of a cerebral lesion.
A form of aphasia, characterized by loss of the ability to use articulate language correctly.
The inability of a person to speak more than a single word or sentence.
Referring to the inability to speak more than a single word or sentence.
The invention of one or more new languages by a subject who alone knows the grammar, syntax, or vocabulary of the invented tongue.

It is a rare phenomenon that has been reported in an expansive paranoia and mania.

nonfluent aphasia
Aphasia in which expressions by speech, or writing, is severely impaired.
A scarcity of words that is a condition in which a person says, or writes, fewer words than might normally be expected; given his/her personality, education, and the specific circumstances.
optic aphasia (s) (noun), optic aphasias (pl)
Loss of the ability to name an object clearly seen until it has been perceived through some other sense; such as hearing, touching, smelling, or tasting.
1. A form of aphasia in which a person has lost the ability to speak correctly, by substituting one word for another, and jumbling words and sentences in an unintelligible way.
2. A speech disorder of neurological origin in which the speaker's words are jumbled unintelligibly.
Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.": cit-; clam-; dic-; fa-; -farious; glosso-; glotto-; lalo-; linguo-; locu-; logo-; loqu-; mythico-; -ology; ora-; -phemia; phon-; phras-; Quotes: Language,Part 1; Quotes: Language, Part 2; Quotes: Language, Part 3; serm-; tongue; voc-.