narciss-, narcis- +
(Greek > Latin: morbid self love, self-admiration, self-centeredness)
2. Antisocial behavior: Mary had difficulties on the playground at school because she exhibited a form of malignant narcissism which was aggressive towards those who did not admire and praise her.
3. Ego-syntonic aggression or sadism directed against others including inhumane or barbarous killing: The police were alarmed at the repeated discovery of mutilated corpses and focused their search on a person who was known to be possessed with malignant narcissism and had recently escaped from prison.
2. An abnormal interest in oneself; especially, in one's own body and sexual characteristics; self-love or self-admiration.
3. Sexual pleasure derived from observing one's own naked body.
4. In psychoanalysis, sexual self interest that is a normal characteristic of the phallic stage of psychosexual development, occurring as the infantile ego acquires a libido.
Narcissism in the adult is abnormal, representing fixation at this phallic stage of development or regression to it.5. Etymology: from German Narzissismus, coined in 1899 by German psychiatrist Paul Näcke (1851-1913) in Die sexuellen Perversitäten, on a comparison first suggested in 1898 by Havelock Ellis, from Greek Narkissos, the name of a beautiful young man in mythology (Ovid, "Metamorphoses," iii.370) who fell in love with his own reflection in a spring and subsequently was turned into the flower now known as a narcissus.
There is an apparent disagreement as to who "coined" the term narcissism because according to Dr. Ernest Klein, the term narcissism, as used in psychology, came from German Narzissismus; coined by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), founder of psychoanalysis.
A person with this disposition is self-centered and self-absorbed, is extremely unrealistic concerning attributes and goals, vacillates between over idealizing and devaluing others, and, in general, assumes that he or she is entitled to more than is reasonable in relationships with others.2. A personality disorder with the basic characteristics of a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, hypersensitivity, and defective empathy, manifested in the following:
- Grandiosity, with a sense of self-importance.
- The subject views his or her problems as unique and understandable only by other special people.
- A need for constant attention and admiration.
- A sense of entitlement.
The American Psychiatric Association recently announced that it is considering lifting "narcissistic personality disorder"; along with four other personality disorders; from its highly influential Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
The current theory seems to be that narcissism is caused by very early influential deprivation, yet the clinical material tends to describe narcissists as unwilling rather than unable to change, and so the treating of narcissistic behaviors is more a volitional condition; that is, narcissism is termed a personality disorder, but it tends to be considered by some therapists as a character disorder.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder is considered to be a severe impairment when a person's self-centered or egotistical behavior results in:
- Staying in bed all day.
- Totally alienating or avoiding friends and family.
- Severe risk of harming oneself or others; such as, failing to maintain personal hygiene; persistent danger of suicide, abuse, or crime.
2. A reference to vanity and being self-absorbed in oneself.
He died gazing at his own image, and was turned into a flower.2. In botany, the daffodil, a genus of plants of several species.
They are of the bulbous rooted tribe, perennial in root, but with annual leaves and flower stalks.
Narcissus was the son of the river god Cephissus and the nymph Leiriope.
He supposedly caused the death of the nymph Echo by spurning her love; so, in punishment, Nemesis caused him to waste away, to die for the love of his own image in a pool on Mount Helicon, and changed him into the narcissus flower that sprang up on the spot where he died.
Echo, who was hopelessly in love with Narcissus, pined away until nothing was left of her except her voice haunting Mount Helicon.
Narcissus, representing the early spring-flower, which for a brief time beholds itself mirrored in the water and then fades, is one of the many youths whose premature death is recorded in Greek mythology; the flower itself was regarded as a symbol of such death.
It was the last flower gathered by Persephone before she was carried off by Hades, and was sacred to Demeter and Core (the cult name of Persephone), the great goddesses of the underworld.
It is particularly expressed in states of melancholia, characterized by ideas of inadequacy, unreality, and self-accusation.