angina-

(Latin: to strangle; to choke)

A spasmodic, cramplike, oppressive pain or attack. Any of varioius diseases marked by attacks of choking or suffocation, especially those affecting the throat.

angina
1. Any of various diseases or conditions characterized by painful or cramping spasms.
2. Any attack of painful spasms characterized by sensations of choking or suffocating.
3. Chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The chest pain of angina is typically severe and crushing. There is a feeling just behind the breastbone (the sternum) of pressure and suffocation.
4. Any spasmodic, choking, or suffocating pain.
5. An old term for a sore throat.

Angina was first described in 1772 by the English physician William Heberden in twenty patients who suffered from "a painful and most disagreeable sensation in the breast, which seems as if it would extinguish life, if it were to increase or to continue." Such patients, he wrote, "are seized while they are walking (more especially if it be uphill, and soon after eating); but the moment they stand still, all this uneasiness vanishes."

The word angina comes from the Latin verb angere meaning "to choke or throttle". Angina is now considered to be the same as angina pectoris, a reference to the Latin pectus, "chest". Latin angina "infection of the throat", from Greek ankhone "a strangling".

angina pectoris
1. Sever pain around the heart caused by a relative deficiency of oxygen supply to the heart muscle.
2. It occurs most often after increased activity, exercise, or a stressful event.
3. Pain or numbness typically radiates to the left shoulder and down the left arm and may also radiate to the back or jaw.
anginal
1. Angina pectoris.
2. A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur.
anginiform
Resembling angina.
anginoid
Resembling or like angina, especially angina pectoris.
anginophobia (s) (noun), anginophobias (pl)
An abnormal or irrational dread of choking or of suffocation: Angina pectoris is not a sharp pain, but rather a sensation of pressure, squeezing, or tightness. It usually starts in the center of the chest under the breastbone (sternum) and radiates to the throat area.

The first time a person has uncomplicated angina pectoris, he or she may fear of having a fatal heart attack. An individual afflicted with anginophobia may become extremely anxious and even have a panic attack that will aggravate his chest pains.

anginose
A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur.
anginosis
A condition of nearly continuous angina pectoris even when at rest.
anginous
A reference to or characteristic of angina.
herpangina
1. An infectious disease, especially of children, characterized by a sudden occurrence of fever, loss of appetite, and throat ulcerations, caused by a Coxsackie virus.
2. Also called mouth blisters, it is the name of a painful mouth infection caused by coxsackieviruses.
3. A medical-dictionary definition: An acute infectious disease caused by either group A or group B coxsackievirus or by echoviruses, chiefly affecting young children in the summer; characteristics include vesiculoulcerative lesions on the mucous membranes of the throat, dysphagia, vomiting, and fever. (Does this provide a better understanding for you?)
pseudoangina
A nervous disorder resembling angina, consisting of slight chest or breast pain, usually with pallor (unhealthy-looking paleness of complexion) followed by cyanosis and coldness or numbness of the extremities.

Cyanosis is the bluish discoloration, referring especially to such discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes resulting from an excessive concentration of reduced hemoglobin in the blood.

staphyloangina
A sore throat due to staphylococcus.

Cross references related to "pain, hurt; suffering, injury" word families: -agra; algesi-; algo-; dolor-; Masochism; noci-; odyno-; poen-; pono- (toil, work; pain); Sadism.