junct-, jug-, join-

(Latin: link, unite, yoke; bring together, meet, merge, engage in; combine)

actinic conjunctivitis (s) (noun), actinic conjunctivitides; actinic conjunctivitises (pl)
An inflammation of the conjunctiva (transparent membrane covering the eyeball): Actinic conjunctivitis can be caused by exposure to the ultraviolet radiation of sunlight or other sources, such as exposure to acetylene torches, therapeutic lamps (sun lamps), and klieg lights (powerful carbon-arc lamps producing intense light and used especially in making movies).

"Actinic" is the adjective referring to ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight and UV lamps.

actinic keratoconjunctivitis (s) (noun), actinic keratoconjunctivitises (pl)
Inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea: Actinic keratoconjunctivitis includes pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and smarting of the eyelids caused by repeated flashes of bright light or ultraviolet radiation.
adjoin (verb), adjoins; adjoined; adjoining
1. To be next to; to attach something to another object, area, etc.: For the winter, Jane adjoined the two sections of the duvet together forming a nice warm covering for her bed.
2. To be in contact with another building, room, area, etc.: The town church adjoins or is linked with the cemetery.
3. To share a common border with something, especially an area of land: The two families have gardens that adjoin each other.
4. Etymology: from Latin adjunctus, "closely connected, joined, united"; as a noun, "a characteristic, an essential attribute"; adjungere, "join to"; from ad-, "to" + jungere, "to bind together".
adjoin, adjourn
adjoin (uh JOIN) (verb)
To be next to; to be in contact with: Yes, as strange as it may be, the hospital did adjoin the cemetery.
adjourn (uh JURN) (verb)
1. To put off or to suspend until a future time: The meeting will adjourn until next week.
2. Move, depart for: Having finished dinner, the guests decided to adjourn to the living room for coffee.

As chairman, Curtis decided to adjourn the meeting so the group could go for their lunch in the restaurant which adjoined their meeting place.

adjunct (s) (noun), adjuncts (pl)
1. Something attached to or joined to something else in a dependent or subordinate position: Mild exercise can be used as an adjunct to healing muscle pain along with medication.

The internet can be used as an adjunct to textbook and classroom learning.

2. A person associated with someone in a subordinate or auxiliary capacity: Harvey was serving as an adjunct teacher in the high school until a fully qualified teacher arrived.
3. A phrase or word which provides additional information about the meaning of a verb in a sentence that, while it is not essential to the structure of the sentence, it increases its meaning by adding time, place, manner, etc.: The phrase "for more than thirty minutes" is an adjunct, as in "Tami and Shane had to wait for more than thirty minutes before the bus finally arrived."
adjunct (adjective), more adjunct, most adjunct
1. Added or joined to another thing so it can be used with it: "Clyde had a massage as an adjunct treatment of his sore shoulder."
2. Attached to a faculty or staff in a temporary or auxiliary capacity of an educational institution: "Roberto was an adjunct professor of biology at the local college."
adjust (verb), adjusts; adjusted; adjusting
1. To change so as to match or to fit something.
2. To bring into proper relationship.
3. To adapt or to conform to new conditions or situations.
4. To make slight changes in something to make it fit or to function better.
5. To achieve a psychological balance with regard to one's external environment, one's needs, and the demands of others.
6. A characteristic of something that can be changed, removed, or given different properties.
7. Etymology: "arrange, settle, compose"; from Middle French adjuster, from Old French ajouter, "to join"; from Late Latin adjuxtare, "to bring near"; from Latin ad-, "to, near" + juxta, "next"; related to jungere, "to join".
adjustable (adjective), more adjustable, most adjustable
1. Concerning something which can be changed in shape, size, or position according to what is wanted or needed: The hearing aids that Lynn has are quite adjustable to noise volume and music.
2. The ability to adapt or to conform to a situation: Virginia's parents were quite adaptable to the new and different environment of living in Canada in comparison to the life in southern California!
3. Capable of being modified: The adjustable seat belts in Robert's car were great, providing security for adults and for children.
4. Regarding loans, mortgages, etc. having a flexible rate, as one based on money market interest rates or on the rate of inflation or cost of living: The loan was quite adjustable, or able to be regulated to the interest rates, depending on many factors.
adjustable speed drive (s) (noun), adjustable speed drives (pl)
Drives that save energy by ensuring the electric motor's speed is properly matched to the load placed on the motor.
adjustable wrench; British, an adjustable spanner (noun); adjustable wrenches; British, adjustable spanners (pl)
1. A Crescent ® wrench or a pipe wrench.
2. A tool that has a fixed jaw and a movable jaw which is controlled by a spiral gear or slide.

It is used to install or to remove bolts and nuts of various sizes.

The wrench itself comes in a variety of lengths and jaw sizes.

A crescent wrench has smooth jaws while a pipe wrench has serrated jaws.

adjusted electricity (s) (noun), adjusted electricities (pl)
A measurement which includes the approximate amount of energy used to generate electricity.
adjuster, adjustor (s) (noun); adjusters, adjustors (pl)
1. Someone who assesses the validity of an insurance claim on behalf of an insurance company and authorizes appropriate payment, repairs, or other actions.
2. A person who treats disorders of the spine by correcting slight dislocations between vertebrae using chiropractic techniques.
3. With an automobile, a device for moving something into the correct position or into a different position; usually, a better position.
adjusting gauge (s) (noun), adjusting gauges (pl)
A tool that is used to determine the small distance between two parts so they can be brought within the required specifications.
adjusting screw (s) (noun), adjusting screws (pl)
A small screw that is usually found on automobile carburetors, brakes, or headlights which change the way something operates; such as,
  • Increasing or decreasing the amount of fuel entering an engine.
  • Changing the idle speed of a motor.
  • Tightening up the brakes of a vehicle.
  • Leveling of the headlights.
  • Changing the setting on mechanical rocker arms.
adjusting shim (s) (noun), adjusting shims (pl)
Thin washers or plates that reduce or increase the clearance between two components; depending on where they are placed.

While some valves are adjusted by screws on the rocker arm, others are set by inserting a shim to make the same adjustment.