fanati-, fanat-, fan-

(Latin: from fanum, "temple"; a temple or a place of worship)

antifanatic (noun), antifanatics (pl)
Someone one who opposes those who are considered to be unreasonable because of their feelings or beliefs; especially, in religion or politics.
Short for fanatic.
1. A person with an extreme and uncritical enthusiasm or zeal, as in religion or politics.
2. Someone who is marked or motivated by an extreme, unreasoning enthusiasm, as for a cause.
3. A fanatic, a zealot, a militant, a devotee; all refer to people who show more than ordinary support for, adherence to, or interest in a cause, a point of view, or an activity.
4. Marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea.
5. Etymology: From about 1525, "insane person", from Latin fanaticus, "mad, enthusiastic, inspired by a god," originally, "pertaining to a temple," from fanum "temple," related to festus "festive". The current sense of "extremely zealous", especially in religion, is first attested in 1647. The noun is from 1650, originally in a religious sense, of nonconformists.

Fanatic and zealot both suggest excessive or overweening devotion to a cause or belief.

Fanatic further implies unbalanced or obsessive behavior or a wild-eyed fanatic. A zealot, only slightly less unfavorable by implication than the term fanatic, implies a single-minded partisanship; such as, "a tireless zealot for tax reform".

Militant stresses vigorous, aggressive support for or opposition to a plan or ideal and suggests a combative stance.

Devotee is a milder term than any of the previous terms, suggesting enthusiasm but not to the exclusion of other interests or possible points of view; for example, a jazz devotee.

A fanatic is someone who can't change his mind and won't change the subject.
—Winston Churchill

Another perspective about the term fanatic

According to the simplest etymology, "fanatic" derives from the Latin fanum, "temple"; but the meaning "zealous" or "zealot" seems to derive from the peculiar behavior of priests who served the Roman war goddess Bellona at a fanum built by the military dictator Sulla in the first century B.C.

Every year the priests staged a festival during which they tore off their robes and hacked at themselves with axes, splattering blood everywhere. This behavior could only be a sign of divine inspiration, and so fanaticus came to mean something like "crazed by the gods".

When the word "fanatic" first appeared in English in the sixteenth century, it meant "crazed person", and then more specifically "possessed with divine fury".

"Religious maniac" is still the principal meaning of the term, but in the shortened form "fan", it also simply means, "devotee" or "adherent".

—Michael Macrone, It's Greek to Me!,
Cader Books, New York, 1991, page 204.
1. Possessed with or motivated by excessive, irrational zeal.
2. Motivated or characterized by an extreme, uncritical enthusiasm or zeal; such as, in religion or politics.
In a passionately fanatic manner.
1. An excessive intolerance of opposing views.
2. An excessive, irrational zeal.
3. A fanatical character, spirit, or conduct.

The tendency to claim God as an ally for our partisan values and ends is the source of all religious fanaticism.

—Reinhold Niebuhr

Fanaticism is often zeal without knowledge or without a rational basis.

—John Rayoa
fanaticize, fanaticise (British)
1. To make fanatical.
2. To behave as a fanatic.
3. to act with or to show fanaticism.
Made fanatical.
1. To make fanatical.
2. To act with or to show fanaticism.
People whose strong admiration for something is extreme and unreasonable.
Fanatics are people who keep only one thing on their minds or their minds on only one thing; or people who go through life with closed minds and uncontrollably open mouths.
—John Rayoa
fane (FAYN) (s) (noun). fanes (pl)
A place of religious worship.
Latin profanity
The profane, indecent, or impolite vocabulary of Latin, and its uses.

The profane vocabulary of early Vulgar Latin consisted largely of sexual and scatological words. The rich sources of religious profanity found in some of the Romance languages is normally a Christian development and usually do not appear in Classical Latin.

In Vulgar Latin, words that were considered to be profanity were described generally as obsc(a)ena, "obscene, lewd", unfit for public consumption; or improba, "improper, in poor taste, undignified".

Remember that the name Vulgar Latin simply referred to and still refers to the "common speech" of the people, not necessarily profanity; although Vulgar Latin was the form of Latin in which sexual and scatological expletives usually existed.

In the more formal Classical Latin, no profanity is recorded except in satirical works or during a discussion of the actual words.

—Information for this subject came from
Odi profanum.
I hate whatever is profane.

Horace, Odes iii. 1

To profane; that is, showing disrespect for God, any deity, or religion.

Related religious-word units: church; dei-, div-; ecclesi-; hiero-; idol-; -olatry; theo-; zelo-.