doloro-, dolor-, dolori- , dol-

(Latin: to feel pain, to grieve; sorrow, grief, mourning)

ad partes dolentes; ad part. dolent (Latin)
To the painful or aching parts.

After Ginny got her prescription for the medicine she was to take, the enclosed information mentioned that it should relieve ad partes dolentes during the next few days.

condolatory (adjective), more condolatory, most condolatory
1. A reference to showing sympathy to someone who is experiencing grief, loss, or pain; especially, over a death.
2. Characterized by showing or expressing sympathy with a person who is suffering sorrow, misfortune, or grief.
3. Etymology: from Latin condolere, "to suffer pain"; from com-, "together" + dolere, "to feel pain, to grieve".
condole (noun), condoles; condoled; condoling
To express sympathy or sorrow: Henry appreciated the nurse at the hospital who tried to condole him for the loss of his daughter.
condolence (s) (noun), condolences (pl)
1. An expression or declaration of sympathy with someone who has experienced pain, grief, or misfortune: Mary offered her condolences to her neighbors who had just lost their son in a car accident.
2. Etymology: from Late Latin condolere, "to suffer together" from com- "with" + dolere, "to grieve".
An expression of sympathy for someone who has had a misfortunate situation.
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An indication of havng sorrow for another person.
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condoler (s) (noun), condolers (pl)
condolingly (adverb), more condolingly, most condolingly
dole (s) (noun), doles (pl)


1. Archaic, sorrow, grief, sadness, misery; dolor.
2. Etymology: via Old French dol, "mourning, grieving" from Vulgar Latin dolus which came from Latin dolere, "to grieve, to suffer pain".


1. A regular sum of money paid by the government to someone who is unemployed.
2. The charitable provision of clothes, money, or food to someone who is in need; such as, from an individual, or individuals, or an organized charity.
3. Primarily British, the distribution by the government of relief payments to the unemployed; welfare.
4. To give out sparingly or in small quantities: "Water and food was doled out to the survivors of the recent earthquake."
5. Etymology: dole is something given or dealt out and comes from Old English daelan and from a Germanic base dail-, which also is the basis for the English word deal.

By the 14th century, this developed into the more specific "portion (of money, clothing, food, etc.) handed out as a charitable donation to those in need".

The phrase on the dole, "receiving government benefits", was first recorded in the 1920's. In the 15th century, the verb dole, "to distribute" was in use, then the modern usage, to dole out, came into existence in the 18th century.

—Compiled from information located in
Dictionary of Word Origins by John Ayto;
Arcade Publishing; New York; 1990.
The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology,
Robert K. Barnhart, Editor;
The H.W. Wilson Company; 1988.
doleful (adjective), more doleful, most doleful
1. A reference to being filled with grief or sadness: Jimmy was in a state of doleful misery when his dog was run over by a car.
2. Sorrowful, mournful, melancholy: At the funeral of her son, Karl and and his wife were in a doleful condition.
dolefully (adverb), more dolefully, most dolefully
1. With sadness; in a sorrowful manner: Joe's mother looked at him dolefully when he told her he had failed his final exam in school.
2. Dismally, sadly, bringing feelings of sadness.
dolesome (adjective), more dolesome, most dolesome
1. A reference to being very gloomy, dismal, unhappy, and sorrowful: The funeral for Jim's mother was a long dolesome ceremony and all of the people who attended expressed their sadness.
2. Etymology: from Latin dolus, "pain".
An expression of sympathy for someone who has had a misfortunate situation.
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dolor (s), dolores (pl)
1. A verb form, to hurt, to ache: "My head hurts me."
2. In medicine, pain; one of the principal indications of inflammation; others include: rubor (redness), tumor (swelling), functio laesa (loss of function), and calor (heat).
3. Used in old medicine as one of five cardinal symptoms of inflammation.
4. A mental suffering or anguish.
dolor capitis (s) (noun)
1. A head ache which is a result of changes in the scalp or bones instead of the intracranial structures.
2. Mental suffering or anguish.
dolor coxae
A pain in the hip.
dolor vagus
Vague, diffuse, or fleeting pains in the chest or abdomen.
Spanish for Maria de los Dolores, Mary of the Sorrows.

Cross references related to "pain, hurt; suffering, injury" word families: -agra; algesi-; algo-; angina-; Masochism; noci-; odyno-; poen-; pono- (toil, work; pain); Sadism.