Days of the Week
Special Features of the Bulgarian Language
Bulgarian is part of the Slavic language family. Today, Slavic languages are spoken by more than 250 million people in eastern and central Europe, in most of the Balkan Peninsula, and in northern Asia. Modern Slavic languages are divided into three branches: East Slavic: Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian; South Slavic: eastern group-Bulgarian; western group-Serbo-Croatian and Slovenian; West Slavic: Czech, Slovak, Polish and High and Low Serbian.
Bulgarian is also a member of the larger Indo-European family of languages, that includes the Romance languages (French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian), the Germanic languages (German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Dutch, Danish); and others, such as Greek, Albanian, Armenian, Sanskrit, Persian, etc.
Some modern Slavic languages (such as Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, and Polish) are written in the Latin alphabet, and their speakers are predominantly Roman Catholic. Other Slavic languages, among them the Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarussian languages, use variations of the Cyrillic alphabet. Serbo-Croatian is called Serbian when written by Serbs in the Cyrillic alphabet and Croatian when written by Croats in the Latin alphabet. The Serbs are predominantly Eastern Orthodox and the Croats are mostly Roman Catholic.
Old Bulgarian, or Old Church Slavonic as it was later called, functioned as the literary vehicle of all the Slavic languages and it was one of the three major literary laguages of Europe during the Middle Ages. Now, the modern Bulgarian alphabet is almost completely the same one as used in the Russian script.