phys-, physo- +
(Greek: breath, wind; pertaining to air or gas; bellows, bladder, bubble; swollen; as seen in many modern scientific terms)
physocarpous (adjective), more physocarpous most physocarpous
Descriptive of an inflated or bladder-like fruit: The shrub Physocarpus opulifolius is known to have groups of fruit that are reddish and physocarpous.
physocele (s) (noun), physoceles (pl)
A tumor or hernia distended with gas or circumscribed swelling due to gas; aerocele: The outdated term physocele refers to a gas- or air-filled tumor or sac.
physocephaly (s) (noun) (no pl)
A swelling or bloating of the head: An emphysematous condition of physocephaly is due to an injection of air into the subcutaneous tissues.
physoclistous (adjective) (not comparable)
Referring to fish which have an air bladder disconnected from the alimentary canal: The swim bladders or gas bladders of the physoclistous fish, but not cartilaginous fish like sharks and rays, are not affixed to the esophagus.
physogastrism (s) (noun) (no pl)
In certain insects, a condition in which the abdomen becomes distended or enlarged by the growth of fat bodies or other organs: Physogastrism is a term used in entomology to describe specific symophilous beetles, mites, and the honey-bearers of the honey-ants.
physograde, physogradous (s) (noun), physogrades (pl)
In zoology, any siphonophe that has an air sac to float: The marine invertebrate of the genus Physalia, commonly known as the "Portuguese man-of-war", is considered to be a physograde with a hollow vesicular float or buoy to move.
The group of Physograda includes the oceanic Hydrozoa furnished with such floating organs.
physohematometra, physohydrometra (s) (noun) (no pl)
The presence of gas and blood within the uterus: When Jane went to her gynocologist's for a regular check-up, she was informed that she had a case of physohematometra, which was a disorder in the muscular organ of her pelvic cavity and should be treated quickly.
physometra (s) (noun) (no pl)
A swelling or enlargement of the uterous; uterine tympanites: The condition of physometra is a distention of the abdomen or intestines due to the presence of gas.
Physophora (s) (noun) (no pl)
In zoology, a genus of oceanic hydrozoa: The species of the Physophora, such as P. hydr'ostatica, float by means of several vesicular organs.
physophorous (acjective) (not comparable)
Referring to the members of the genus Physophora: Physophorous aquatic or oceanic organisms have pneumatophores or swimming-bells in order to be mobile in the water.
physopod (s) (noun), physopods (pl)
In zoology, a member of the Physopoda; a thirps: A physopod is a mollusk or rhipidoglossate gastropod with a sort of sucker on the foot.
physopyosalpinx (s) (noun), physopyosalpinxes: physopyosalpinges (pl)
Pus and gas in a fallopian tube: The condition of physopyosalpinx refers to pyosalpinx, a distention of the fallopian tube with pus, along with the formation of gas in the affected area.
physostomatous, physostomous (adjective) (not comparable)
Relating to the fish of the Physostomi order: Lindy learned that physostomous fish, having a duct between the air bladder and the alimentary canal, include the trouts, carps, herrings, catfish, eels and the lungfish.
physostome (s) (noun), physostomes (pl)
Fish that have a pneumatic duct leading from the air bladder to some part of the alimentary canal (usually the esophagus); they include members of a number of suborders and the name is no longer used in systematic classification.
Physostomi (pl) (noun)
An order of the teleost fishes: The order Physosomi include fishes whose air bladder, when present, is linked with the oesophagus by an open duct, and they have abdominal ventral fins, it they exist.
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