phthisio-, phthis-, phthi-, -phthisis +

(Greek: decay, waste away, waning; loss, diminution)

In the past, tuberculosis was called consumption, because it seemed to consume people from within, with a bloody cough, fever, pallor, and long relentless wasting. Other names included phthisis, Greek for "consumption" and phthisis pulmonalis.

1. Relieving or curing phthisis, or consumption.
2. A medicine for phthisis.
fibroid phthisis
A wasting or consumption of the tissues.

The term was formerly applied to many wasting diseases, but is now usually restricted to pulmonary phthisis, or consumption (progressive wasting of body tissue).

1. Hyperplasia of the gastric mucosa and submucosa, leading to thickening of the stomach walls and diminution of its cavity.
2. Emaciation due to abdominal disease.
hemophthisis, haemophthisis
Anaemia, or anemia, resulting from the abnormal degeneration, or destruction, or a deficiency in the formation of red blood cells.
Tuberculosis of the larynx or tuberculosis involving the larynx, producing ulceration of the vocal cords and elsewhere on the mucosa, and commonly attended by hoarseness, cough, pain when swallowing, and hemoptysis.
1. Rarely used term for emaciation from lack of sufficient nourishment.
2. Inanition or a marked weakness, extreme weight loss, and decreased metabolism due to prolonged severe insufficiency of food (starvation).
miners phthisis, miners' phthisis
A chronic lung disease, common among coal miners, due to the inhalation of coal dust; such as, pneumoconiosis or anthracosilicosis.
myelophthisis, panmyelophthisis
1. The wasting or atrophy of the spinal cord as in tabes dorsalis. 2. Replacement of hemopoietic tissue in the bone marrow by abnormal tissue, usually fibrous tissue or malignant tumors that are most commonly metastatic carcinomas.
3. Bone marrow suppression secondary to marrow infiltration by tumor with local production of myelosuppressive cytokines (causing bone marrow suppression).
Nephronophthisis 1 (NPH1)
1. A childhood kidney disease in which there is progressive symmetrical destruction of the kidneys involving both the tubules and glomeruli, characteristically resulting in anemia, polyuria, polydipsia, isosthenuria (decreased ability to concentrate the urine), progressive renal failure and death in uremia.

The chronic kidney failure affects growth and leads to short stature. The age at death ranges from around four to fifteen years.

2. Etymology: derived from nephron + phthisis.

The nephron is the fundamental functional unit in the kidney and includes the renal tubule and glomerulus. Phthisis is a Greek word meaning "a dwindling or wasting away".

1. Tuberculosis of the kidney.
2. Suppurative (form or discharge pus) nephritis with wasting of the substance of the kidney.
The abnormal softness of the eye.
phthisical, phthisicky
Pertaining to, of the nature of, or affected by phthisis (disease characterized by the wasting away or atrophy of the body or a part of the body).
Having phthisis, or some symptom of it; such as, having difficulty in breathing.
The development of pulmonary tuberculosis.
A reference to or relating to phthisiogenesis.

Word families with similar applications about: "decay, rotten; wasting away; putrid, pus" word units: puro- (pus); pus (viscous fluid via an infection); pustu- (blister, pimple); putre- (rotten, decayed); pyo- (pus; purulent); sapro- (rotten, putrid, putrefaction, decay); sepsi- (decay, rot, putrefactive); suppurant- (festering, forming or discharging pus); tabe- (wasting away, decaying).