hernio-, herni- +

(Latin: protruded viscus; rupture; in the sense of "protrusion of tissue or part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the surrounding walls")

herniogram
A depiction, or an image, of a hernia made with herniography.
herniography
The radiographic depiction of a hernia aided by an injection of contrast medium into the sac.
hernioid
Resembling hernia.
herniolaparotomy
Laparotomy (surgical incision through the flank) for the treatment of hernia.
herniology
The scientific study of hernias.
hernioplasty
A plastic operation for the radical cure of a hernia.
herniopuncture (s) (noun), herniopunctures (pl)
A surgical procedure in which a hole is made in a hernia sac.
herniorrhaphy
1. The surgical repair of an abnormal opening in the wall of a body cavity.
2. Sometimes used specifically to denote a simple apposition and suturing of the defect.
3. Any operation which includes suturing for the repair of a hernia.
herniotome
A special knife or curved bistoury, with a blunt end, sometimes used in operations for a hernia.

A bistoury, by the way, is a French term for a surgical instrument consisting of a slender knife, either straight or curved, generally used by introducing it beneath the part to be divided, and cutting towards the surface.

herniotomy
1. A surgical operation for the repair of hernia; also called celotomy and kelotomy.
2. An operation for the relief of irreducible hernia, by cutting through the neck of the sac.
hiatal hernia
The protrusion of the stomach up into the opening that is normally occupied by the esophagus in the diaphragm, which is the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdomen.

A hiatal hernia can be congenital or it can be acquired through strenuous physical activity and it may contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease with associated symptoms.

incarcerated hernia (s) (noun), incarcerated hernias (pl)
1. A hernia which results in the entrapment of tissue or viscera into the hernia sac.
2. A hernia in which the constriction can not be easily reduced.
inguinal hernia
1. Hernia in which a loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal; the most common type of hernia in males.
2. A common type of hernia in which a loop of the intestine protrudes directly through a weak area of the abdominal wall in the groin region.
3. The abnormal passage of an internal abdominal organ or structure through the inguinal canal.
sciatic hernia
A protrusion of tissue through the greater sciatic notch.

The sciatic notch consists of either of two notches on the dorsal border of the hipbone on each side that when closed off by ligaments form the corresponding sciatic foramina (opening).

It may be a relatively large notch just above the ischial spine that is converted into the greater sciatic foramen by the sacrospinous ligament called also greatersciatic notch or a smaller notch just below the ischial spine that is converted to the lesser sciatic foramen by the sacrospinous ligament and the sacrotuberous ligament; also called the "lesser sciatic notch".

scrotal hernia
A hernia that is found within the scrotum (external pouch that contains the testes).

A cross reference of other word family units that are related directly, indirectly, or partially with: "opening, hole, cavity, tract, tube": alveolo-; antro-; anu-; celo-; coelio-; concho-; fenestra-; hiat-; meato-; ora-; parieto-; poro-; pyl-, pyle-; pylor-; sphinctero-; splanchn-; stomato-; syringo-; uretero-; urethro-; vagino-; ventricul-.