glob-, glom-

(Latin: a round body, a ball; round, a sphere; the earth; "sphere" came from Latin globus, "round mass, sphere"; related to gleba, "clod, soil, land". Sense of "planet earth," or a three-dimensional map of it, appeared first in 1553)

earth spinning.
globus (s) (noun), globi (pl)
1. A round or spherical body: Mary's parents asked Susi if she would like to go out to the garden and play with her red and white globus before lunch.
2. In medicine, a lump or swelling: Suddenly Tom had the sensation of a globus, or lump in his throat, and couldn't speak to his mother.
3. In leprology, any of the brown bodies sometimes found in the granulomatous lesions of leprosy: A globus is considered to be a macrophage swelling contaning leprosy bacillis as seen in lepromatous leprosy.
globy (adjective), more globy, most globy
Resembling, or pertaining to, a globe; round; orbicular: Nancy's blond hair was full of globy ringlets falling down her back.
glomerate (adjective) (not comparable)
Referring to something formed into a compact rounded mass; tightly clustered; conglomerate: Sally had to unwind the glomerate ball of yarn in order to start her knitting.
glomerate (verb), glomerates; glomerated; glomerating
To gather or to collect into a spherical shape: For her Christmas baking, Mrs. Hathaway glomerated the cookie dough into small round balls for the hazelnut macaroons.
glomeration (s) (noun), glomerations (pl)
1. The act of forming or gathering into a ball or round mass; conglomeration: A glomeration is the state of being clustered into a spherical body.
2. That which is formed into a balll: The glomeration of seeds on the hawksbeard after flowering was like a soft fluffy ball.
glomerous (adjective), more glomerous, most glomerous
Outdated, pertaining to something that is gathered or formed into a ball or round mass: The kitten played with the glomerous lump of yarn on the wooden floor.
glomerulitis (s) (noun), glomerulitides (pl)
Inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney: Glomerulitis is a swelling and redness of a glomerulus, specifically of the renal glomeruli, as in glomerulonephritis.
glomerulonephritis (s) (noun), glomerulonephritides; glomerulonephrites (pl)
One kind of of kidney disease in which the glomerus are concerned: Glomerulonephritis is a form of nephritis characterized by inflammation of the renal glomeruli.

Glomerulonephritis is a form of nephritis characterised by inflammation of the capillary loops in the glomeruli of the kidney.

Glomerulonephritis is one type of glomerular disease characterized by acute, subacute, or chronic inflammation and may be secondary to hemolytic streptococcal infection. Evidence also supports possible immune or autoimmune mechanisms.

glomerulus (s) (noun), glomeruli (pl)
1. In the kidney, a tiny ball-shaped structure composed of capillary blood vessels actively involved in the filtration of the blood to form urine: The glomerulus is one of the key structures that make up the nephron, the functional unit of the kidney.
2. In the olfactory bulb, an anatomically discrete module receiving input from an olfactory sensory neuron: Glomeruli are composed of receptor neutron axons and mitral neurons and arranged or formed by the type of odor .
3. One of the structures which comprise the nephron (functional unit) in the kidney: The glomerulus is composed of capillary blood vessels which are actively involved in the filtration of the blood.

The glomerulus in the kidney was so named by the Italian anatomist Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694). The structure was once called a "malphigian corpuscle".
4. Etymology: Glomerulus is the diminutive of the Latin glomus meaning "ball of yarn". It is literally a "little ball of yarn".

glomus (s) (noun), glomera (pl)
1. A small globular body: One example of a glomus is the carotid body.
2. A highly organized arteriolovenular anastomosis (a vessel that directly interconnects an artery and a vein) forming a tiny nodular focus in the nailbed, pads of the fingers and toes, ears, hands, and feet and many other organs of the body: The afferent arteriole enters the connective tissue capsule of the glomus, becomes devoid of an internal elastic membrane, and develops a relatively thick epithelioid muscular wall and small lumen. The anastomosis may be branched and convoluted, richly innervated with sympathetic and myelinated nerves, and connected with a short, thin-walled vein that drains into a periglomic vein and then into one of the veins of the skin.

The glomus functions as a shunt or bypass-regulating mechanism in the flow of blood, temperature, and conservation of heat in the part as well as in the indirect control of the blood pressure and other functions of the circulatory system.

haptoglobin (s) (noun), haptoglobins (pl)
A plasma protein that is a normal constituent of blood serum and functions in the binding of free hemoglobin in the bloodstream: Haptoglobin is one of the acid plasma glycoproteins that binds to oxyhemoglobin that is free in the plasma and the complex is then removed in the liver.
hemoglobin, haemoglobin (s) (noun); hemoglobins; haemoglobins (pl)
The red coloring matter of the red corpuscles in the blood: Hemoglobin in the blood combines with oxygen and carries it around the body, for example from the lungs to the tissues, and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs.
hemoglobinemia (s) (noun) (no pl)
The presence of excessive hemoglobin in the blood plasma: Hemoglobinemia is the existence of free hemoglobin in the blood plasma resulting from the solution of hemoglobin out of the red blood cells or from their disintegration.
hemoglobinolysis, haemoglobinolysis (s) (noun) (no pl)
Destruction or chemical splitting of haemoglobin: Hemoglobinolysis can be described as the lysis of hemoproteins that consist of globin and heme that give red blood cells their typical and special color.
hemoglobinometer (s) (noun), hemoglobinometers (pl)
An instrument for measuring the hemoglobin of the blood; hæmochromometer: A medical device called a hemoglobinometer was used by Dr. Thompson to determine the concentration of haemoglobin in Sally's blood.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "land, ground, fields, soil, dirt, mud, clay, earth (world)": agra-; agrest-; agri-; agro-; argill-; choro-; chthon-; epeiro-; geo-; lut-; myso-; pedo-; pel-; rhyp-; soil-; sord-; terr-.

Related ball, sphere-word units: hemoglobin-; sphero-.