gland-, glans-

(Latin: acorn; in medicine, gland, glans)

Used in medicine to mean "gland", an aggregation of cells, specialized to secrete or excrete materials not related to their ordinary metabolic needs. Also, "glans" is a general term for a small rounded mass, or glandlike body. The plural of "glans" is "glandes".

1. A disease characterized by infectious granulomas similar to glanders; it is primarily a disease of rodents but is occasionally communicable to humans.
2. Etymology: from Greek melis, "glanders" + -oid, "like" + -osis, "diseased condition".
3. Also known as pseudoglanders; formerly called "Whitmore's disease".

An infectious illness which is most frequent in Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indochina, and Ceylon) and Northern Australia; and is caused by a bacteria called Pseudomonas pseudomallei found in soil, rice paddies, and stagnant waters.

Humans catch the disease by inhalation of contaminated dust or when soil contaminated by the bacteria comes in contact with abraded (scraped) skin.

Melioidosis most commonly involves the lungs where the infection can form a cavity of pus (abscess).

The bacteria can also spread from the skin through the bloodstream, the brain, eyes, heart, liver, kidneys, and joints.

pineal gland
A small cone-shaped organ of the brain that secretes the hormone melatonin into the bloodstream. It is one of the endocrine glands and is situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum (the thick band of nerve fibers that connects the two hemispheres of the brain in higher mammals and allows the hemispheres to communicate).
polyglandular, pluriglandular
Pertaining to or affecting many glands.