flat-, flatu-

(Latin: to blow, a puff of wind or air; by extension, accumulation of gas in the stomach or bowels)

inflate (verb), inflates; inflated; inflating
1. To fill something; such as, a ball, mattress, tire, or boat with air or gas to bring it to a desired size, shape, and firmness for use, or to become filled with air or gas.
2. To make something appear greater; such as, to exaggerate the size or importance of something, or become exaggerated in size or importance.
3. In economics, an increase of prices or money supply which causes inflation in prices or the money supply, or to result in inflation.
inflation (s) (noun), inflations (pl)
1. A persistent increase in the level of consumer prices or a persistent decline in the purchasing power of money, caused by an increase in available currency and credit beyond the proportion of available goods and services.
2. The act of blowing something up (the act of filling with air), or the condition of being expanded.
3. A condition of being puffed up with pride or a lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity.
4. Etymology: from Latin inflationem, inflatio, a noun of action from inflare, "to blow into, to puff up", from in-, "into" + flare, "to blow".

The monetary sense of "enlargement of prices" (originally by an increase in the amount of money in circulation) was first recorded 1838 in American English.

inflationary (adjective), more inflationary, most inflationary
1. Associated with, or tending to cause, increases in prices of products; "The inflationary prices made it extremely difficult to buy food and pay for other living expenses."
2. A reference to the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services continues to make it harder for people to maintain their physical survival.
inflationism (s) (noun) (usually used in the singular)
The advocacy, or policy, of deliberately causing economic increases in the supply of available currency and credit: "Inflationism is policy or belief that encourages an increase in the level of consumer prices or a decline in the purchasing power of money which is caused by more available money and credit beyond the amount of available goods and services."
insufflate (verb), insufflates; insufflated; insufflating
1. To breathe or to blow into or on: At the baptism, air was insufflated onto the baby to symbolise the benignity of the Holy Spirit.
2. To cure by blowing a gas, vapor, or powder into a body cavity for medical therapy: To provide treatment, a medicative substance was insufflated into the enclosed space of the sinus.
3. Etymology: from the past participle stem of Latin insuffl?re, from in- + suffl?re, "to blow on".
To blow one's breath upon or into.
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Non fluctu nec flatu movetur.
He is not moved by either wave nor wind.
perflate (verb), perflates; perflated; perflating
Blowing air into, or through, a cavity or canal in order to force its walls apart or to expel any contained material.
perflation (s) (noun), perflations (pl)
The act of blowing air into a cavity to expand its walls or to force out secretions or other material.
reflate (verb), reflates; reflated; reflating
1. To increase again the amount of money and credit in circulation.
2. Restoration of decreased prices to a more desirable level.
reflation (s) (noun), reflations (pl)
1. The process of bringing an economy out of recession by increasing the amount of money in circulation within it.
2. Restoration of economic activity, consumer prices, etc., to higher levels by manipulating monetary policies.
sufflate (verb), sufflates; sufflated; sufflating
A rarely used term meaning: to blow up; to expand or cause to increase by filling something up with gas or air; to inspire; or to make happy.

Cross references of word groups that are related, directly or indirectly, to: "air, wind": aello-; aeolo-; aero-; anemo-; atmo-; austro-; phys-; pneo-, -pnea; pneumato-; turb-; vent-; zephyro-.