fac-, facil-, fact-, feas-, -feat, -fect, -feit, -facient, -faction, -fic-, -fy, -ficate, -fication

(Latin: to make, to do, to build, to cause, to produce; forming, shaping)

pacific (adjective)
1. Leading to or promoting peace and an end to conflict.
2. Calm and peaceful by nature.
3. Unaggressive; avoiding the use of force.
4. Pacific Ocean: relating to the Pacific Ocean, or to the territories that surround it or are surrounded by it.

The Pacific Ocean; that is, the "Peaceful Ocean", was named by Portuguese navigator, Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) because it seemed so calm after the storms of Cape Horn.

pacification (s) (noun), pacifications (pl)
1. Policies taken by a government to defeat an insurgency.
2. The act of appeasing someone or causing someone to be more favorably inclined to cooperate or participate in a peaceful action.
3. The procedure of making people calm when they are angry or upset.
pacified (adjective)
1. That which has been eased; such as, the anger or agitation of a situation.
2. Having ended a war, fighting, or violence in; established peace in: "After a few years, the pacified countries were able to work together for their mutual benefits."
3. Caused to be more favorably inclined: "The pacified customer was calmer after he received a full refund."
pacifier (s) (noun), pacifiers (pl)
1. A device used for an infant to suck or to bite on.
2. A rubber or plastic nipple or teething ring for a baby to suck or to chew on.
3. Someone who tries to bring peace.

This artificial nipple, usually made of plastic, is used so an infant can gain some solace and quiet down. A pacifier is called by other names in other countries including a "dummy" in the U.K.

pacifism (s) (noun)
1. The belief that violence, war, and the taking of lives are unacceptable ways of resolving disputes.
2. The refusal to take up arms or participate in war because of moral or religious beliefs.
3. The belief that international conflicts should be settled by negotiation rather than war.
4. Opposition to war or violence as a means of resolving disputes.
pacifist (s) (noun), pacifists (pl)
1. A person opposed to war or violence; especially, someone who refuses to bear arms or to participate in military actions, for moral or religious reasons.
2. The belief that disputes between nations should and can be settled peacefully. 3. Opposition to war or violence as a means of resolving disputes; such opposition is demonstrated by refusal to participate in military action.

Pacifists have not always been treated with sympathy or understanding. Refusing to fight ever for any reason, or even just in a pasrticular situation when the reasokns for fighting seem clear to many others, calls for strong faith in one's own moral or religious convictions; since it has often resuklted in persecuktion by those who disagree.

The Quakers and the Jehovah's Witnesses are well-known pacifist religious groups; Henry D. Thoreau and Martin Luther King Jr. are probably the most famous American pacifists.

pacify (verb), pacifies; pacified pacifying
1. To soothe anger or agitation; synonyms: mollify, conciliate, appease, placate.
2. To subdue by armed action; reducing to a state of submission; especially, by military force; subduing.
3. To fight violence and to make efforts to establish peace in an area.
4. Bringing or restoring to a state of peace or tranquility; encouraging quiet; making calm: "She made every effort at pacifying the angry man."
5. Appeasing; such as, pacifying one's appetite.

Unhappy babies are often given a rubber device for sucking called a pacifier to stop their crying. In the same way, someone stirred up by anger or some other strong emotion can usually be pacified by resolving or removing its causes.

In a usage that refers to a military combat area, it means using armed forces to neutralize the enemy there and to quiet the local people who may have been supporting them.

parturifacient
perfect
perfectibility
perfectible
perfection
perfectionism
perfectionist
perfective