eso-, es-, eis-

(Greek: inward, into; within)

Softening of the walls of the esophagus.
A device used to measure the length and the pressure characteristics of the esophagus.
An fungal, or a bacterial, disease of the esophagus (the muscular tube that carries swallowed food and liquids from the pharynx to the stomach).
Longitudinal division of the muscular layer down to the submucosa of the lowest part of the esophageal wall.

Some muscle fibers of the cardia may also be divided.

Excision of the larynx in continuity with the laryngopharynx and esophagus as a preliminary to the restoration of swallowing by visceral transposition via the posterior mediastinum.

The operation is indicated for certain malignant tumors of the cervical esophagus and hypopharynx.

1. A revisional (plastic) surgical procedure of the wall of the esophagus.
2. Plastic repair or complete reconstruction of the esophagus.
Paralysis of the esophagus.
1. Reduction in the size of a dilated esophagus or of a pouch within it by making longitudinal folds or tucks in its wall.
2. The reduction in size of the lumen of a segment of the esophagus or of an esophageal pouch by the creation and suturing of veritical folds.
esophagoptosis, esophagoptosia
Relaxation and downward displacement of the walls of the esophagus.
A reference to both the esophagus and the respiratory tract or communicating between the esophagus and the respiratory tract.
Increased salivation associated with cancer of the esophagus.
1. An endoscope for inspecting the interior of the esophagus.
2. A flexible or rigid instrument for inspecting the lumen of the esophagus and carrying out diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers; such as, taking biopsy specimens and removing foreign bodies.
Inspection of the interior of the esophagus by means of an endoscope.
1. Spasm of the walls of the esophagus.
2. Strong, uncoordinated, nonpropulsive contractions of the esophagus evoked by deglutition (swallowing), especially in the elderly.

On barium radiography, the esophageal lumen appears as an irregular series of concentric narrowings, or a spiral coil (curling).

The stricture or a general abnormal narrowing of the esophagus.