en-, em-, el-

(Greek: in, into, inward; within; near, at; to put, to go into, or to cover with; as, entomb, encamp, enfold; to provide with; as, to enlighten; to cause to be; as, to enlarge; thoroughly; as, enmesh; in, within, into; as enzootic)

This prefix, en-, changes to em- before b, p, or ph.

emolument (s) (noun), emoluments (pl)
A payment or monetary compensation for a job at an office or at another kind of employment: Jack counted on an additional emolument after his advancement to be the manager of a department store the following month.
A fee or a salary from one's trade or profession.
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empathize (verb), empathizes; empathized; empathizing
To understand another person's situations, feelings, and difficulties: When Elizabeth could not complete her assignment on time at work, her co-workers empathized with her and helped her get it done as expected by her supervisor.
emphasis (s) (noun), emphases (pl)
1. Special stress laid upon, or importance attached to, anything.
2. Anything that is given great stress or importance.
3. Special and significant stress of voice placed on particular words or syllables as indicated by position, repetition, or some other indication.
4. Intensity or force of expression, action, etc.
5. Prominence, as in form or outline.
6. Etymology: from Latin emphasis, which came from Greek emphasis "significance, indirect meaning", from empha-, root of emphainein, "to present, to show, to indicate"; from en-, "in" plus phainein, "to show".

In Greek and Latin, it developed a sense of "extra stress" given to a word or phrase in speech as a clue that it implies something more than a literal meaning.

emphysema (s) (noun), emphysemas (pl)
emporium (s) (noun), emporiums (pl)
en rapport (adjective) (not comparable)
A reference to someone who is in agreement and harmony with other people: The en rapport group of business officials are in accord about how to maintain their objectives for better products.
Relating to being in harmony with nature, etc.
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encarta (s) (noun) (no plural form)
1. Possibly from en- plus Greek khartes and then Latin charta meaning, "papyrus, paper"; however, there is no confirmation that this is the correct source for this title which was created for Microsoft.
2. As seen in the title, Encarta World English Dictionary, it is in this case a lexicon published by Microsoft Corporation in addition to a digital multimedia encyclopedia and other related products.

Microsoft initiated Encarta by purchasing non-exclusive rights to the Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia, incorporating it into its first edition in 1993. Funk & Wagnalls continued to publish revised editions of their encyclopedia for several years independently of Encarta, but then quit printing in the late 1990s.

The name "Encarta"® is a registered trademark which was created for Microsoft by an advertising agency.

encephalitis (s) (noun), encephalitides (pl)
Inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a viral infection.
encircle (verb), encircles; encircled; encircling
1. To form a circle around someone or something.
2. To move or to go around completely; to make a circuit of.
encyclical (s) (noun), encyclicals (pl)
encyclopedia (s) (noun), encyclopedias (pl)
endear (verb), endears; endeared; endearing
To make fond of or attractive to others; to create goodwill: Smoking a cigar in an elevator will not endear anyone to the other people who are there.

Susan's pleasant behavior endears her to her coworkers.

To make beloved or esteemed to other people.
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enemy (s) (noun), enemies (pl)
1. Someone who hates or seeks to harm someone or something.
2. A person or group; especially, a military force, that fights against another hostile power in combat or battle.
3. A hostile nation or power.
4. Anyone who feels hatred toward, intends injury to, or opposes the interests of someone else; a foe.
5. Etymology: from Old French enemi, from Latin inimicus, from in-, "not" + amicus, "friend".
energy (s) (noun), energies (pl)
1. The capacity for work or vigorous activity; vigor; power.
2. Exertion of vigor or power: "I have this project which is requiring a great deal of time and energy."
3. Vitality and intensity of expression; forcefulness of expression; such as, a speech delivered with energy and emotion.
4. Usable heat or power.
5. A source of usable power; such as, petroleum or coal.
6. In physics, the capacity to do work; the property of a system that diminishes when the system does work on any other system, by an amount equal to the work so done; potential energy.

Forms of energy include heat, light, sound, electricity, and chemical energy. Energy and work are measured in the same units—foot-pounds, joules, ergs, or some other, depending on the system of measurement being used. When a force acts on a body, the work performed (and the energy expended) is the product of the force and the distance over which it is exerted.

First recorded in 1599, from Middle French energie, from Late Latin energia, which was from Greek energeia, "efficiency, activity, operation" came from energos, "active, working" from en-, "at" + ergon, "work". Used by Aristotle with a sense of "force of expression"; the broader meaning of "power" was first recorded in English in 1665. To energize; that is, "rouse to activity" is from 1753; energetic of people, institutions, etc., is from 1796. The term energy crisis was first recorded in 1970.

—The etymological information in the last paragraph came from
A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language
by Dr. Ernest Klein
The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology, Robert K. Barnhart, Editor
engrave (verb), engraves; engraved; engraving