electro-, electr-, electri-

(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)

Electronics in our lives consists of numerous tools

Equipment which we use everyday relies on electronics to function including calculators, car controls, cameras, washing machines, medical scanners, mobile telephones, radar systems, computers; as well as many other applications or devices which are listed in this unit.

electropalatography
A technique for recording the timing and location of tongue contact with the hard palate during speech, using an artificial palate that fits against the roof of the mouth of the mouth and has electrodes embedded on the surface that faces the tongue.

A computer records and displays the pattern of the pulses generated by contact of the tongue with the electrodes.

electroparacentesis
Removal of fluid, as from the eye, with an electrically activated instrument.
electropathic
Referring to electropathy or electrotherapy; the treatment of an illness with electricity.
electropathology
1. Determination of the electrical reaction of muscles and nerves as a means of medical diagnosis.
2. The study of pathological conditions with the aid of an electric current used in measuring physical responses.
electropathy
1. The study of diseases as related to electrical reactions.
2. The treatment of illness with electricity.
electropherotype
1. A virus strain which has been distinguished by means of electrophoresis (electrically induced movement of particles).
2. An analysis of the proteins or nucleic acids in a virus mixture, as separated by electrophoresis.
electrophile
1. A chemical compound or group that is attracted to electrons and tends to accept electrons.
2. A molecule, or compound, that doesn’t have enough electrons and will tend to take them from another molecule, or compound, with an excess of electrons.
3. A chemical species with an affinity for electrons and hence reactive with species rich in electrons.
4. An ion or molecule that has a partial or complete positive charge, so that it can accept an electron pair or share an electron pair with another atom.
electrophilic
1. Relating to a process in which electrons are acquired from or shared with another atom or molecule.
2. Pertaining to any chemical process in which electrons are acquired from or shared with other molecules or ions.
3. Describing a substance with an electron deficiency.
4. Having an affinity for electrons whereby a bond is formed when an ion or molecule (the electrophilic agent) accepts a pair of electrons from a nucleophilic ion or molecule.
electrophilic reagent
1. A molecule that forms a bond with another molecule by accepting an electron pair during a chemical reaction.
2. A reactant that accepts an electron pair from a molecule with which it forms a covalent bond (number of pairs of electrons an atom can share).
electrophilicity (s) (noun), electrophilicities (pl)
1. Involving or having an affinity or attraction for electrons.
2. A reference to a chemical compound or group that is attracted to electrons and which tends to accept electrons.
electrophobia (s) (noun), electrophobias (pl)
An abnormal horror of electricity or a morbid dread of anything electrical: Jeremy had an electrophobia and so he used candles at night instead of electric lights, and he didn't even have a TV or a radio.
electrophone, electrophonic, electrophonically
An instrument that produces musical tones by means of oscillating electric circuits; such as, a theremin, a musical instrument with electronic tone generation, the pitch and tone volume being controlled by the distance between the player's hands and two metal rods serving as antennas or it is also defined more simply as, an electronic musical instrument, played by moving one's hands through electromagnetic fields created by two metal rods.
electrophonic effect
1. A buzzing or clicking sound in the back of the head which is experienced by someone who is subjected to pulsed microwave radiation; such as, from a skull to voice instrument. 2. The sensation of hearing which is produced when an alternating current of suitable frequency and magnitude is passed through an animal or human body.
3. Audible clicks induced by pulsed or modulated microwave frequencies.

The clicks are generated directly inside the human head without the need of any receiving electronic device.

electrophoresis
1. The movement of charged particles or ions suspended in a solution caused by applying an electric field.
2. The migration of colloidal particles under the influence of an applied electrical field.

A colloidal particle; such as, a protein molecule, has large numbers of positive and negative radicals which act as if they were on the surface.

Since protein molecules carry electric charges, they will migrate when subjected to an electric field.

3. The migration of dispersed solid, liquid, or gaseous material to one of two electrodes under the influence of an impressed direct-current voltage.
electrophoresis apparatus
A device for causing migration of charged particles (ions) in solution in an electric field.

The various types include paper, cascading electrodes, high voltage, gel, etc.

The references or sources of information for compiling the words and definitions in this unit are listed at this Electronic Bibliography page or specific sources are indicated when they are appropriate.


A cross reference of word units that are related, directly and/or indirectly, with "electricity": galvano-; hodo-; ion-; piezo-; -tron; volt; biomechatronics, info; mechatronics, info.