electro-, electr-, electri-
(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)
Electronics in our lives consists of numerous tools
Equipment which we use everyday relies on electronics to function including calculators, car controls, cameras, washing machines, medical scanners, mobile telephones, radar systems, computers; as well as many other applications or devices which are listed in this unit.
2. A power line termination from which electric power can be obtained by inserting the plug of a line cord.
2. A "male" electric plug in for inserting electrical contact prongs in order to connect mechanically and electrically into slots of a matching "female" electric socket.
2. The separation of charges in a material to form electric dipoles, or the alignment of existing electric dipoles in a material when an electric field is applied.
A dipole is a localized positive and negative charge distribution that has no net charge, and whose mean positions of positive and negative charges do not correspond.
Similarly, a magnetic potential exists at every point of a magnetic field, measured by the work than is needed to move a unit magnetic pole from one point in the field to another point.2. The potential measured by the energy of a unit positive charge at a point expressed relative to an equipotential surface that has zero potential, generally the surface of the earth.
3. The work which must be done against electric forces to bring a unit charge from a reference point to the point in question.
The reference point is located at an infinite distance, or, for practical purposes, at the surface of the earth or some other large conductor.
In a direct current (DC) circuit, the current measured in amperes, multiplied by the voltage between wires, is the power in watts.
A thousand watts constitute the kilowatt, a larger and more frequently employed unit of electric power.
The voltage and current may not be in phase with each other in an alternating current (AC) circuit and, while the instantaneous power is the product of the instantaneous voltage and current, this out-of-phase relation causes the power to fluctuate between positive and negative values.
By definition, power is the rate at which energy is transformed or is made available and is measured in watthours.
From an economic viewpoint, the most important of all electrical measurements is the measurement of energy. The watthour meter in various forms can be found in nearly every home, factory, highway billboard, and other locations where electrical energy is being purchased.
Metering, installation and wiring have been governed by national, industrial, and local codes for so many years that, at least in the United States, a particular type of installation is nearly identical everywhere in the country.
Measurement of energy is almost always with a "fixed-installation metering". This provides safety because of the grounding of the meter enclosure and ease of reading as a result of a proper location and mounting.
Tamper-proof housing, which are also weatherproof where necessary, are typical structures that normally insure the integrity of the electric meter readings.
Powerline networks do not interfere with the delivery of electricity in the same circuit because the data are transmitted at a much higher frequency than the 60Hz or 50Hz used for AC (alternating current) power.
This "plant" reference is apparently linked to the action of pressing on a shovel, or some other tool, with the "sole of the foot" in order to work the soil for planting.
2. A facility that generates electrical energy using generators.
3. An assembly of equipment in an electric power system through which electric energy is passed for transmission, transformation, distribution, or switching.
2. The circuitry applied to many electrical devices, in which electric energy is generated, transmitted, transformed, and distributed in the form of heat or as a driving force to other motor-controlled systems.
It consists substantially of one or two small collecting electrodes to which various potentials are applied, with the corresponding collection of currents being measured.
2. A general term encompassing all the various types of propulsion in which the propellant consists of electrically charged particles which are accelerated by electric or magnetic fields, or both.
3. Propulsion of spacecraft and other vehicles by electrothermal, electrostatic, or plasma techniques, as contrasted to chemical propulsion, which involves the direct use of fuel.
The references or sources of information for compiling the words and definitions in this unit are listed at this Electronic Bibliography page or specific sources are indicated when they are appropriate.
A cross reference of word units that are related, directly and/or indirectly, with "electricity": galvano-; hodo-; ion-; piezo-; -tron; volt; biomechatronics, info; mechatronics, info.