-ectomy, -ectome, -ectomize
(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)
2. Spleen removal which may be required to remove a diseased or damaged spleen.
In healthy people, the spleen plays a role in immunity against bacterial infections.
The spleen is in the uppermost area of the left side of the abdomen, just under the diaphragm. It typically has attachments to the stomach, left kidney, and colon.
This type of mastectomy may be used to remove small areas of suspicious or cancerous tissue, but it can also be a cosmetic surgery procedure.
For example, subcutaneous mastectomy can reduce the volume of enlarged male breasts or be part of a female-to-male sex-change procedure.
2. To deprive of sympathetic innervation.
It may include a nerve, plexus, ganglion, or a series of ganglia of the sympathetic trunk.
The method is occasionally used for the treatment of reflex sympathetic dystrophy.