-ectomy, -ectome, -ectomize

(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)

The surgical creation of an artificial pupil in which the border of the iris and a portion of the lens capsule are drawn out through an incision in the cornea and cut off.
Surgical removal or excision of the ischium (the inferior dorsal portion of the os coxae (hip bone); it is a separate bone in early life).
isthmectomy, median strumectomy
1. A surgical procedure in which a narrow bridge of tissue connecting two larger tissue masses is excised; such as, the removal of the thyroid isthmus.
2. Excision of the midportion of the thyroid.
The surgical excision of part or all of the jejunum.
A partial or complete surgical excision of the vagina.

Kolpo- is a combining form from the Greek kolpos meaning "a fold, a cleft", or "a hollow" and usually refers to the vagina. Normally, this is now spelled as colpo-.

1. The complete surgical removal of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear.
2. Excision (cutting out) of the labyrinth; a destructive operation to destroy labyrinthine function.
3. Excision of the labyrinth of the ear, done because of implacable vestibular dysfunction when severe hearing loss is already present.
Surgically freeing up the space of the spinal canal by removing a portion of the lamina (a thin, flat layer, or plate; for example, the lamina arcus vertebrae, usually just called the lamina, are plates of bone in each vertebral body).

The lamina, which is partially (or completely) removed unroofs the canal and can lead to a marked enlargement of the space available for nerves and the spinal cord. This procedure is most commonly performed in the lumbar spine (lower back).

Using a special instrument that takes little bites off bone (kerrison rongeur), the lamina of the selected level is gradually trimmed until sufficient bone is removed to free the nerves and open the canal as desired.

When this has been achieved the muscles are closed against each other by placing sutures (special threads which are knotted together). The skin is then closed and a dressing is placed.

1. An excision or cutting out of a portion of the intestine at the side.
2. Excision of strips or gores from the abdominal wall and suture of the edges of the wounds, in cases of abnormal laxity of the abdominal muscles.
Colectomy; excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon.
Removal of a cyst by an abdominal incision.
Abdominal hysterectomy; removal of the uterus through an opening in the abdominal wall.
Removal of the uterus and ovaries through an incision in the abdominal wall.

Related cutting-word units: cast-; castrat-; -cise, -cide; mutil-; put-; sec-, seg-; temno-; -tomy; trunc-.

-Ectomy Word-Sources of Definitions