-ectomy, -ectome, -ectomize
(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)
The esophagus lies between the trachea (windpipe) and the spine.
2. The removal of a portion of the lower esophagus and proximal stomach for treatment of neoplasms or strictures of those organs; especially, lesions at or near the cardioesophageal (the cardia or stomach immediately adjacent to and surrounding the cardiac or primary opening of the esophagus of the stomach and the esophagus) junction.
3. Excision of part of the esophagus (especially the lower third) and adjacent stomach tissue.
The operation is indicated for certain malignant tumors of the cervical esophagus and hypopharynx.
An older term for certain fibromas and leiomyomas.
Fibromas are benign (non-cancerous) tumors which consist of fibrous tissues or connective tissue.
Although most connective tissue has fibrillar elements, the term usually refers to tissue laid down at a wound site well vascularised at first (granulation tissue) but later avascular and dominated by collagen rich extracellular matrix, forming a scar.
Excessive contraction and hyperplasia leads to formation of a keloid which is described as a sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scar resulting from the formation of excessive amounts of collagen in the corium during connective tissue repair.
Leiomyomas are described as benign uterine tumors which are also referred to as uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids can cause pelvic pain and irregular vaginal bleeding in some females.
2. Removal of a fibromyoma from the uterus, leaving that organ in place.