dis-, di-, dif-
(Latin: separation, apart, asunder; removal, away, from; negation, deprivation, undoing, reversal, utterly, completely; in different directions)
The meaning of dis- varies with different words; dif-, assimilated form of dis- before f; di-, form of dis- before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v.
Josh was a diligent worker and so his supervisor felt that he deserved a pay increase.
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2. To lessen the force, strength, purity, or brilliance of, especially by admixture (mixing or mingling): The bright moonlight tended to dilute the effect of the light on the majestic waterfalls.
3. Reduced in strength as a result of containing an added liquid: The bitterness of the vinegar can be mitigated by diluting it with equal quantities of water.
2. A liquid which has been made thiner, by the addition of another element, such as water: Typically the dilution of frozen juice is done to a specific ratio.
2. Relating to the Great Flood described in the Bible: Many authors have written apocryphal (unverified, not certain) stories about the diluvial effects and outcomes of the Biblical floods.
Fred and Athena experienced the most diluvian destruction of their home because of the recent heavy rain.
The layers of glacial diluvium are often very dense, sometimes indicating accumulations that have taken place over centuries.
2. To lessen the authority or dignity of; to put down; to degrade; to abase; to weaken.
3. To contract a perfect or minor musical interval by one semitone.
4. To take away; to subtract; to decrease, lessen, abate, reduce, contract, curtail, impair, degrade.
5. To appear smaller, or to make something appear smaller.
2. Pertaining to a light or heat source which is not blocked or reflected: The direct rays of the sun were not good for the plants in Jane’s garden because they needed shade instead.
3. Concerning something which takes place without any interference or go-betweens: The direct results of Mary’s baking were fabulous cookies, which smelled fantastic and tasted delicious!
4. Characteristic of someone who is being frank and straight to the point: Tom wanted to be very direct and say exactly what he meant and not cause any misunderstandings.
5. Relating to the exact wording of what a person has said: The direct quotations used in the book that Julia was citing had footnotes at the bottom of each page.
6. Denoting the sequence from parent to offspring: The story goes that Mark is the direct descendent of the owner of the old house down the street and he will be its inheritor.
2. A medically diagnosed condition that makes it difficult to engage in the activities of daily life: Since Jane's eyesight was getting worse over the years, Dr. Smith said that, because of this disability, it would not be safe for her to drive her car anymore.
3. A condition, such as an illness or an injury, which damages or limits people's physical or mental capacities or functions: Greg's parents have learned to keep up positive attitudes about their son's disabilities which were acquired through a car accident the year before.
4. A sum of money paid to somebody, usually on a monthly basis, by a government agency or insurance company because a person is unable to work or to provide for the necessities of life: After their mother injured her back, she had to quit her job and go on disability.
2. Something that makes a person unable to do what was previously a normal part of life: "His father was disabled by the auto accident."
3. To prevent a device or system from working by disconnecting a part of it: "His friend was disabling the fire alarm because it was going off every so often for no valid reason."