dis-, di-, dif-

(Latin: separation, apart, asunder; removal, away, from; negation, deprivation, undoing, reversal, utterly, completely; in different directions)

The meaning of dis- varies with different words; dif-, assimilated form of dis- before f; di-, form of dis- before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v.

dissuasiveness (s) (noun) (usually no plural)
dissymmetrical, dissymmetric
The absence or lack of symmetry; that is, not being the same or corresponding on both sides of a central dividing line.
dissynagogue (s) (noun), dissynagogues (pl)
The exclusion of a member of the Jewish faith from the synagogue: In the story Mary was reading, a dissynagogue would be put into effect when a member of the Jewish faith decided to join a Christian church.
distance (s) (noun), distances (pl)
1. The stretch of space or length between two points: All the places of interest in the city were all of walking distance.
2. The expanse between two things when they are far apart from one another: Jim wondered if the distance from his house to the lake was too far to walk.
3. The uninvolved relationship between two people or things: Even though the two students knew each other for a long time, there was still an emotional distance between them that was felt by the others in the group.
4. Farawayness of an object, place, person, or animal: Finally Raymond could perceive the mountain goat in the distance when climbing up the slope.
5. Aloofness, coolness, or unfriendliness of a person's behavior: Valerie turned away from Adam with noticeable distance and stiffness when they accidentally met in the store.
distant (adjective); more distant, most distant
1. Descriptive of something which is far-off or remote: Lance was reading about people in distant and faraway countries when his father called him for dinner.
2. Characteristizing an event or a time that lies in the past or in the future: Aunt Jane still had distant memories of her children when they were babies.
3. Referring to a remote relative: Mrs. Thompson said she had a distant aunt and uncle who lived somewhere in Germany.
4. Concerning a person who is withdrawn, cool, or reserved: Gary could hardly start a conversation with his colleague because she was so distant, stiff, cold, and unapproachable.
5. Pertaining to an individual who is abstracted, faraway, or unaware: Mrs. Smith, Tim's teacher, noticed that he seemed to be preoccupied, inattentive, and distant, and wasn't concentrating on his work in class.
distantly (adverb); more distantly, most distantly
1. Referring to how something or someone is remotely situated: Jack and Jill were so distantly separated in the train that they could only see each other, but not talk to each other.
2. Pertaining to how a person perceives something: While Jack was telling Anita about his trip to Canada in the past, she distantly recalled the photos he had shown her back then.
3. Relating to how an individual does or says something in an unemotional or uninvolved way: "Have a nice time on your journey," the taxi driver said politely, but distantly, while his passengers were getting off at the airport.
distaste (s) (noun), distastes (pl)
A feeling of dislike, aversion, or antipathy.
distasteful (adjective), more distasteful, most distasteful
distastefully (adverb), more distastefully, most distastefully
distemperance (s) (noun), distemperances (pl)
A lack or absence of moderation, specifically an excess in drinking or other indulgences: After being at the pub for a long time, distemperance was noted in Steven’s behavior because he had had too many beers, so he was sent home by taxi instead of being allowed to drive his car.
distemperate (verb), distemperates; distemperated; distemperating
1. To exceed the bounds of moderation or to be excessive in one's behavior or actions as to cover up something: Joe's friend has been known to distemperate the sides of a lot of buildings and walls in his town with posters, murals, and comical images.
2. Etymology: from Late Latin distemperare, literally, "to mix thoroughly"; from Latin dis, in the sense "completely" + tempare, "to mix, to mingle in due proportion, to combine properly"; from temps, genitive of temporis, "time".
distend (verb), distends; distended; distending
1. To stretch out or to extend from an internal pressure.
2. To expand or cause to swell, as by pressure from within; to make or become swollen.
distender (s) (noun), distenders (pl)
1. Something that expands by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: "Mike's overeating became a distender of his stomach."
2. Anything that spreads in all directions or which expands or swells.
1. Capable of being distended.
2. Anything which can be stretched and expanded.
The action of stretching longitudinally, straightening out, or placing at full length; causing an extension; straining, racking.