contra-, contro-, counter, contre-

(Latin: against, opposed to, opposite, conflicting, different, clashing, unaccommodating)

counterphobia (s) (noun), counterphobias (pl)
A strong desire to find out what causes fear or anxiety instead of avoiding them: Dr. Smart pointed out to Jack that he was affected by counterphobia because he decided to take up mountain climbing in an attempt to overcome his horror of heights.
A weight or force that balances another to which it is opposite; for instance, two children on a seesaw.
counterpose (verb), counterposes; counterposed; counterposing
1. To set in contrast, opposition, equilibrium, or balance: Dirk will be counterposing the arrangement of the furniture in the room with the windows.
2. To offer or to place in opposition, response, or contrast: Jane's argument was counterposing that of the rest of the panel.
3. To constitute a counterweight or counterbalance to someone or something: The presence of the school principal, Mr. Pyott, counterposed the input from community leaders.
1. Thwarting the achievement of an intended goal; tending to defeat one's purpose: "Getting into more debt while trying to save money is counterproductive."
2. Producing problems or difficulties instead of helping to achieve a goal: "A direct challenge to her authority is likely to be counterproductive."
3. Tending to hinder the achievement of a goal
counterpunch (s) (noun), counterpunches (pl)
1. An attack or a blow made by a boxer in response to an opponent's hitting him.
2. Etymology: meaning of "to hit with the fist" was first recorded 1520's, probably influenced by punish; the noun sense of "a blow with the fist" is recorded by 1570's; from Middle English punchen, "to thrust, prod; from Old French poinçonner, ponchonner, "to emboss with a punch; from poinçon, ponchon, "pointed tool"; from Latin punire, "to inflict a penalty on, to cause pain for some offense"; from earlier poenire, from poena, "penalty, punishment".
1. A revolution whose aim is to reverse the changes introduced by a previous revolution.
2. A subversive activity with the objective of undoing the effects of a previous revolution and overthrowing the government or social system that it produced.
1. Someone, especially a member of a military force, who seeks to overthrow a national government or social system established by a revolution.
2. An opponent of a revolution which is meant to change a political or social situation.
1. A revolutionary whose aim is to reverse the changes introduced by an earlier revolution.
2. Someone who leads a movement to oppose revolutionary tendencies and developments.