-ian +

(Latin: suffix form of -an from -ianus, a modifier of the main word to which it is attached: belonging to, coming from, being involved in, or being like something)

Appearing in such words as comedian, egalitarian, Bostonian, Italian, Smithsonian, mathematician, Alabamian, Californian, Arizonian, and Canadian. It is attached to the root of common or proper nouns with the meanings "of, pertaining to, from", or "like" the proper name appearing in the stem.

—Based on information from The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology,
Edited by Robert K. Barnhart, The H.W. Wilson Company, 1988.
dictionarian (s) (noun), dictionarians (pl)
A maker of lexicons; a lexicographer: "It takes many, many years for a dictionarian to compile words, parts of speech, definitions, example sentences, and, if possible, etymologies of these words.”
dinosaurian
Of, relating to, or characteristic of a dinosaur.
disciplinarian (s) (noun), disciplinarians (pl)
1. Someone who insists that rules are obeyed strictly, and who punishes people who break them.
2. Anyone who enforces discipline (in an army, school, family, etc.).
3. An upholder or advocate of strict discipline.
econometrician
A student of, or specialist in, econometrics.
ephebian
From the Greek word ephebe (epi- "at, upon" plus hebe- "early manhood").

One source suggests that in ancient Athens (335 B.C.), an ephebe was a young citizen undergoing physical and military training.

To be a citizen, it was necessary that every legitimate son of pure Athenian parentage who had reached the age of eighteen had to be enrolled in an ephebic college and undergo its two year course of rigorous training in military and civic duties and activities.

ethnohistorian (s) (noun), ethnohistorians (pl)
Someone who specializes in the study of written and oral past events of human cultures.
formicarian
1. Relating to or resembling ants.
2. Plants which attract ants by means of sweet secretions.
fruitarian
1. Someone whose diet includes fruits, seeds, and nuts but no vegetables, grains, or animal products.
2. A person whose diet consists chiefly of fruit.
gyniatrician
A physician who specializes in gyniatrics.
herbarian
One skilled in the knowledge of herbs, a herbalist.
historian (s) (noun), historians (pl)
1. Someone who is an authority about past events and who studies it and writes about it.
2. Someone who writes or compiles a chronological record of events that have taken place before; a chronicler.
humanitarian (adjective), more humanitarian, most humanitarian
1. A reference to someone who is devoted to the promotion of human welfare and the advancement of social reforms; a philanthropist: Joe, quite a humanitarian, was determined to support those in need and so he helped the blind, the poor, and made donations to relief programs.
2. Relating to efforts to help people who are living in very bad conditions and who are suffering because of a war, flood, earthquake, etc.: After the bombing and end of the armed conflicts, humanitarian aid was given to the victims who had lost their homes, were very sick and needed medication, and to those who were starving.
Concerned with the needs of other people.
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insectarian, insectarianism
Anyone who feeds on insects.
librarian
1. Someone who works in or is in charge of a library.
2. The keeper or custodian of a library.

Literally, "of books". Also, "a scribe or someone who is concerned with books".

lunarian
1. Inhabiting the moon.
2. Someone who observes or describes the moon; such as, anyone who used the lunar method in finding longitude.
3. Someone who observes or describes the moon.