thermo-, therm-, thermi-, -thermia, -therm, -thermal, -thermic, -thermias, -thermies, -thermous, -thermy
(Greek: heat, heating, heater, hot, warm)
The term heat is employed in ordinary language in different senses. Some scientists distinguish four principal applications of the term:
- Sensation of heat.
- Temperature, or degree of hotness.
- Quantity of thermal energy.
- Radiant heat, or energy of radiation.
In medical thermopenetration, the tissues are heated but not damaged; however, in surgical diathermy (electrocoagulation) tissue is destroyed because of the use of a high-frequency electric current to bring about the coagulation and destruction of such tissue.
Such plants will flower earlier and more profusely if subjected to low night and high day temperatures.
2. The habit of swallowing very hot food.
3. A craving for very hot food.
2. Thriving in warm environmental conditions; a reference to microorganisms having an optimum for growth above 45°C.
3. An organism requiring high temperatures for normal development.
2. Literally, heat-loveing; describing certain microorganisms (thermophiles) whose optimal growth occurs at temperatures of 50°C or more.
Thermophilic bioprocesses can be employed as an energy source.3. Describing microorganisms that require high temperatures (around 60 degrees centigrade) for growth.
It is exhibited by certain bacteria that grow in hot springs or compost and manure.
2. Intolerance of high temperatures: Polar bears live mainly within the Arctic Circle and love the sea ice covering the waters, and these bears would not survive living in hot areas at all and are therefore totally afflicted with thermophobia!
2. A flat bag containing certain salts that produce heat when moistened; used as a substitute for a hot-water bag.
3. An instrument for estimating heat sensibility as applied locally to a body part.
The thermal radiation emitted by the absorber is used as the energy source for a photovoltaic cell that is designed to maximize conversion efficiency at the wavelength of the thermal radiation.