Pleonasms or Tautological Redundancies

(avoid redundancies or excessive repetitiousness by not using unnecessary repetitions and superfluous words or more word usages than is needed, desired, or required)

The use of pleonasms results in a superfluity of words, sometimes deliberately, for emphasis; or the unnecessary repetitions resulting from a lack of the realization that such terms are redundant.

A tautological statement, sentence, etc. repeats its meaning in an unnecessary or excessive way by using different words to say the same thing.

* The pleonasms followed by an asterisk (*) came from an essay, "The Affluent Rich"; by Nat Boynton in his book, Media Rare. My special thanks to Mr. Jerry Gordon for contributing a copy of the essay so I could go through it and pick out the "UR's" (Unnecessary Redundancies) or pleonasms.

Please contribute any pleonasms you may come across from any of the media and let's make this list even more significant as it expands. You may send your suggestion, or suggestions, to e-mail contact or use this e-mail address: [email protected]

advance reservation or reservations
advance scouting *
advance warning
affirmative action
Action favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination; especially, in relation to employment, politics, or education.
affirmative yes
affluent rich *
aid and abet
alternative choice
A.M. in the morning
AMOCO Oil Company
AMerican Oil Company Oil Company
an anachronism in his own time *
and etc.
annual anniversary
anonymous stranger (s) (noun), anonymous strangers
An unnamed stranger is someone who is not known and whose name has obviously not been revealed.

Could this be a pleonasm or a redundancy?

APL programing language
A Processing Language programing language; or sometimes, Array Processing Language programing language.

Also see the unit of pleio-, plio- words meaning, "more, most; excessive; multiple".