dat-, dos-, dot-, dow-, don-, dit-

(Greek + Latin: dare, to give, a giving, given; a gift; to grant, to offer)

renderer (s) (noun), renderers (pl)
Someone who causes something to exist: "A software renderer made it possible for the computer hardware to process and to generate a visual image of the model that was proposed."
rendition (s) (noun), renditions (pl)
1. The act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance: "The musicians presented a rendition of music that the audience considered extraordinary."
2. A translation of a literary work into another language: "Henry was asked if he had read the Italian rendition of the original Shakespeare verse."
3. An explanation of something that is not immediately obvious: "Imitations are often utilized to provide a more accurate rendition of a child's intended meaning."

A rendition of information about rendition

The core meaning of "rendition" is "the act or result of rendering", taking us back to the verb "to render", which derives from the Latin rendere, meaning "to give back".

Render is a verb with many senses, but the relevant ones for us now are "to produce, hand over, surrender, or submit". The noun "rendition", which first appeared in English in the early 17th century, originally meant "the surrender of a garrison, place, or thing", a bit later including the surrender or forcible return of a person; such as, escaped slaves were often "rendered" (returned to their owners) by northern U.S. states before the Civil War.

Subsequent senses of "rendition" developed by the 19th century focused more on the "give" sense of "render", and "rendition" in the popular speech of the 20th century usually meant a musician's or a singer's "treatment" of a song.

—Compiled with some revisions of excerpts by Evan Morris,
The Word Detective, April 15, 2006.
rent (s) (noun), rents (pl)
1. Money or services that are rendered for the use of property; such as, the use of a hotel room: "When Rhonda's niece lived with her, the rent was always provided in the form of work around the house, the cleaning of kitchen equipment, etc."
2. Etymology: from Vulgar Latin rendere, "to give back".
rent (verb), rents; rented; renting
1. To lease or to allow the use of something in exchange for money or some kind of service: "The shop owner said that she was renting the bicycles to customers by the day or by the week."
2. To pay money for the use of property, etc.: "Karl intends to rent a car for six months instead of buying one."
3. To tear or to destroy an article of clothing or cloth: "In her severe grief over the shooting of her little boy, the young mother rent her scarf and threw her shoes away."
rental (s) (noun), rentals (pl)
Property, the use of which is available for a specified sum of money: "The landlord said the rental will be available after the first of the month."
renter (s) (noun) renters (pl)
1. An individual who pays money for the use of property that belongs to another person: The college student was an ideal renter because he was always ready to mow the lawn and to rake the leaves where he was living.
2. A person who received money from a second party for the use of property: The renter of the beach house put an advertisement in the local paper looking for new renters for the place where he was staying.
surrender (verb), surrenders; surrendered; surrendering
1. To relinquish possession or control of to another because of demand or compulsion: Irvin hates to surrender his favorite book back to the library, but he doesn’t want to pay the overdue fine.
2. To give up or to give back something that has been granted: As part of the court settlement, the farmer agreed to surrender part of his contractual right to the deciduous trees on his land.
3. In law, to restore an estate, for example; especially, to give up a lease before the expiration of the term: The renter agreed to surrender her two year lease of the apartment so she would be able to purchase a new home somewhere else.
4. Etymology: from 1441, "to give something up", from Old French surrendre, "to give up, to deliver over"; from sur-, "over" + rendre, "to give back".
surrenderee (s) (noun), surrenderees (pl)
Someone who receives the relinquishment of property, power, etc. from another person: "The sergeant served as the surenderee when the renegade captain agreed to surrender his arms."
surrenderer (s) (noun) (usually only singular)
A person who yields or gives up and stops fighting or resisting: The surrenderer ordered all of his followers to lay down their arms and pledge allegiance to the king.
surrenderor (s) (noun), surrenderors (pl)
Someone who gives up an estate or lease: Roy was a surrenderor of property into the hands of a higher authority in his city.
test dosing (s) (noun), test dosings (pl)
A method of detecting the possibility of hypersensitivity to drugs or antisera prior to their therapeutic use by administering low doses and increasing by tenfold dilutions until reaction is seen or therapeutic levels are reached: The doctor was careful to administer a test dosing to Mary before prescribing a full regimen of treatments.
Theodore (s) (noun)
A male name from Greek meaning god given or gift of god: "Theodore was a popular name for boys in the early years of the 20th. Century.
Theodosia (s) (noun)
A female given name from a Greek word meaning god-given: "The husband and wife decided to name their twins Theodore and Theodosia in honor of their great grandparents who had the same names."
thermoluminescent dosimetry, TLD (s) (noun), (no plural form)
1. A method of measuring the ionizing emissions to which a person is exposed by means of a device that contains a radiant sensitive crystalline material: Thermoluminescent dosimetry stores the radiation's energy by changing the structure and then when the material is heated at some later time, it releases the energy as ultraviolet or visible light.

Because of her work in the X-ray department at the hospital, Ms. Smith frequently used the thermoluminescent dosimetry device to ensure that she remained uncontaminated by the radioactive emissions.

2. The determination of the amount of lucidity to which a material has been exposed: Usually thermoluminescent dosimetry is accomplished by heating the material in a specially designed instrument which relates the amount of luminescence coming from the material to the amount of exposure.

Ionizing radiation; such as, x rays, alpha rays, beta rays, and gamma rays, remains undetectable by the senses, and the damage it causes to the body is cumulative, depending on the total dosage of thermoluminescent dosimetry received.

Dr. Jonas used the thermoluminescent dosimetry concept to obtain an estimation of the amount of radioactive elements to which the X-ray staff might have received.

tolerance dose (s) (noun), tolerance doses (pl)
The largest dose (medical and/or radiation) which can be administered with safety: The doctor determined the tolerance dose of 1000 ml. of the new medication for treatment of the growth on the patient’s foot.

Pointing to a page about doses and medical dosage Another term used for medical dosage can be seen at this posology page.