(Greek: by the side of, beside, past, beyond; contrary, wrong, irregular, abnormal)
2. Alteration of the voice for physiological or pathological reasons.
2. To express the same message in different words.
3. To restate something using other words; especially, in order to make it simpler or shorter.
4. A restatement of a text or passage in another form, or other words, often to clarify a meaning.
5. The restatement of texts in other words as a studying or teaching device.
2. The most common usage of the term today is to denote a disorder characterized by phantastic, absurd, paralogical delusions without deterioration, dementia, or loss of contact with reality except in the area of the delusional system.
3. In paranoid schizophrenia, on the other hand, there is deterioration and splitting off of many of the psychic functions, while in paranoia the delusions are so logical, at least on the surface, as to appear to be little more than an extension of the premorbid personality.
2. A reference to inflammation of the diaphragm, formerly thought to be invariably accompanied by delirium; hence applied to delirium supposed to be so produced.
Parapraxia is also known as a "Freudian slip" or "a slip of the tongue", a minor error in speech or action that turns out to be what the person really wanted to say or to do.
While the error of a parapraxis tends to be laughed off, Freud saw the process as a compromise between the fulfillment of an unconscious wish and a conscious effort to repress it.2. A motor disturbance or an abnormal movement of a body part in which the patient is unable to carry out desired movements and who performs unintended actions: Manfred's parapraxis resulted at times in his accidentally stumbling or walking in an awkward way on a level surface while being sober and alert.
3. Etymology: "faulty action, blunder"; from Modern Latin which comes from para-. "contrary, irregular" + Greek praxis, "a doing, a transaction, a business"; from the stem of prattein. "to do".
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2. A chronic dermatosis of unknown origin, with erythematous, papular, and scaling lesions appearing in persistent and often enlarging plaques.
3. Any of a group of slowly evolving erythrodermas having common characteristics of scaling, resistance to treatment, and chronicity. The group includes acute and chronic lichenoid pityriasis and large and small plaque parapsoriasis.
4. A heterogenous group of skin disorders including pityriasis lichenoides and small and large plaque variants.