para-, par-

(Greek: by the side of, beside, past, beyond; contrary, wrong, irregular, abnormal)

paratyphoid
An acute infectious disease with symptoms and lesions resembling those of typhoid fever, though milder in character; associated with the presence of the paratyphoid organism of which at least three varieties (types A, B, and C) have been described.
paravalent
Potent sexually only in unusual circumstances.
paravenous
paravenously
paresis (PUHREE sis, PER isis); dementia paralytica, parlytic dementia, general paresis
1. Muscular weakness or partial inability to move caused by disease of the nervous system.
2. Slight or partial paralysis; general paralysis.

A form of neurosyphilis (syphilis affecting the central nervous system; the brain and spinal cord). Also known as general paresis, neurolues, acute syphilitic meningitis, meningovascular syphilis, tabes dorsalis, and the great pox.

It was first recognized in Europe as a distinct epidemic in Naples in the late 1400s coincident with the invasion of Naples by the French. The dispersal of the debauched French mercenary army throughout Western Europe led to the frighteningly fast spread of the new disease.

Paresis resulting from untreated syphilis usually develops in the third to fifth decade, but it may occur at an early age in patients with congenital syphilis.

paresthesia, paraesthesia (s) (noun); paresthesias, paraesthesias (pl)
1. Sensations of stinging, tingling, burning, crawling, etc. of the skin for no apparent cause; a disordered, or perverted, sensation: Long after the rash disappeared, Esther continued to experience phantom paresthesia on her left leg.
2. An unpleasant sensation caused by tactile (touching) stimuli: The paresthesia on Glenda's right hand was caused when she accidentally touched a hot pan on the stove.

Paresthesias include burning, tingling sensations, or numbness; in fact, they are the "pins and needles" of feelings.

parhelion
A bright spot on a solar halo sometimes appearing on either side of the sun, often on a luminous ring or halo.

Also called mock suns, they are bright, colorful light patches which appear in ice clouds 22° or more to either side of the sun.

At sunrise and sunset, the angular separation from the sun is exactly 22°. When the Sun is high, the parhelions may appear diamond-shaped, and no parhelion can occur if the sun is higher than 61°.

parish
parlance (s) (noun), parlances (pl)
1. A style of speaking or using words which are used by people in a particular context, interest, or profession: There are all kinds of legal parlances, medical parlances, professional parlances, etc. that are specialized terms for expressing certain specialized occupations.

In military parlance, "bug out" refers to "retreat".

2. A special conversation or discussion: The two warring countries had a parlance in an effort to work out an agreement for ending the conflicts that were destroying so many people and their countries.
3. Etymology: from Old French parler, "to speak"; from Latin parabola, "comparison"; in Late Latin, "speech".
Speaking in a special way.
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parlay (verb), parlays; parlayed; parlaying
To use or to develop an asset or talent in order to get something else that has greater value: Mark was negotiating to parlay his basketball skills into a professional team.
Noise is a real problem.
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parochial
parochialism
parochialist
parosmia, paraosmia (s) (noun); parosmias, paraosmias (pl)
Disorders of the sense of smell: "A parosmia is a sense of smell that is reversed in that agreeable odors are found to be offensive while offensive ones are agreeable."
photoparesthesia (s) (noun), photoparesthesias (pl)
An abnormal sensation caused by exposure to light: Nancy developed photoparesthesia on her left arm which was exposed to a lot of sunlight because she often had to drive with the car window down due to the fact that her air conditioner was not functioning.