Calendar Names of Days and Months in Different Languages

(a compilation of several languages)

The dates displayed in these pages are based on a compilation of the phases of time as expressed in several languages with a presentation of fascinating facts, fantasies, and fallacies that have merged as elements of time.

The equivalents in all of the following languages have been written with Roman/Latin fonts (letters), even in those situations when a language actually employs different letter forms. For example, such languages as Greek, Georgian, Russian (Cyrillic), Hebrew, and Arabic are transliterated into the Roman/Latin-type fonts.

Hindi months; Vikramaditya, Gregorian (Christian) months
cait, janvarı\ (January)
baisa\kh, farvarı\ (February)
jet≥h, ma\rc (March)
asa\r≥h, aprail (April)
sa\van, maı\ (May)
bha\dom{, ju\n (June)
kva\r, julayı\(July)
ka\rttik, agast (August)
ag’han, sitambar (September)
pu\s, aktu\bar (October)
ma\gh, navambar (November)
pha\gun, disambar (December)
—Based on information from
Outline of Hindi Grammar by R.S. McGregor;
Oxford University Press; Delhi, India; 1972.

Hungarian (Magyar) days
hétfo= (Monday)
kedd (Tuesday)
szerda (Wednesday)
csütörtök (Thursday)
péntek (Friday)
szombat (Saturday)
vasánap (Sunday)

Hungarian (Magyar) months
január (January)
február (February)
március (March)
április (April)
május (May)
június (June)
július (July)
augusztus (August)
szeptember (September)
október (October)
november (November)
december (December)
—Based on information from
Eastern Europe Phrase Book by Koronczi Katalin;
Published by Lonely Planet; Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia; 1992
International Dictionary in 21 Languages by H.L. Ouseg;
Philosophical Library; New York; 1962.
Iranian (Farsi) days
Sham-beh (Saturday)
Yek-sham-beh, “first day after Saturday.” (Sunday)
Do-sham-beh, “second day after Saturday.” (Monday)
Ce-sham-beh, “third day after Saturday.” (Tuesday)
Tschâhâr-sham-beh, “fourth day after Saturday.” (Wednesday)
Pandj-sham-beh, “fifth day after Saturday.” (Thursday)
Djom’e (Friday)
Iranian (Farsi) months
Farwardîn [21 Mar.- 20 Apr.] (March)
Ordîbehescht [21 Apr.-21 May] (April)
Khordâd [22 May-21 June] (May)
Tîr [22 June-22 July] (June)
Mordâf or Amordad [23 July-22 Aug.] (July)
Schahrîvar [23 Aug.-22 Sept.] (August)
Mehr [23 Sept.-22 Oct.] (September)
Âbân [23 Oct.-21 Nov.] (October)
Âzar [22 Nov.-21 Dec.] (November)
Dey [22 Dec.-20 Jan.] (December)
Bahman [21 Jan.-19 Feb.] (January)
Essfand [20 Feb.-20 Mar.] (February)

The first six months have 31 days and the next five months have 30 days with 29 days for February [except once every four years, February will have 30 days] for a total of 365 days [366 days in leap years]. The Iranian year is 1374 [the number of years Iran has been Moslim] as of the western year A.D.1995.

Irish-Gaelic (Goidelic) days
Dé Luain (Monday)
Dé Máirt (Tuesday)
Dé Céadaoin (Wednesday)
Déardaoin (Thursday)
Dé hAoine (Friday)
Dé Sathairn (Saturday)
Dé Domhnaigh (Sunday)
Irish-Gaelic (Goidelic) months
Eanáir (January)
Feabhra (February)
Márta (March)
Aibreán (April)
Bealtaine (May)
Meitheamh (June)
Iúil (July)
Lúnasa (August)
Meán Fómhair (September)
Deireadh Fómhair (October)
Samhain (November)
Mí na Nollag (December)
—Based on information from
Irisch-Gälisch Wort für Wort by Lars Kabel;
Published by Reise Know-How Verlag Peter Rump;
Bielefeld, Germany; 1994.
Italian (Italiano) days
lunedì (Monday)
martedì (Tuesday)
mercoledì (Wednesday)
giovedì (Thursday)
venerdì (Friday)
sabato (Saturday)
domenica (Sunday)
Italian (Italiano) months
gennaio (January)
febbraio (February)
marzo (March)
aprile (April)
maggio (May)
giugno (June)
luglio (July)
agosto (August)
settembre (September)
ottobre (October)
novembre (November)
dicembre (December)
—Based on information from

Mediterranean Europe Phrasebook by Sally Steward;
Lonely Planet Publications; Hawthorn, Vic, Australia; 1992.

Collins Italian Gem Dictionary by Isopel May;
Collins Publications; London and Glasgow 1962.

International Dictionary in 21 Languages, by H.L. Ouseg,
Philosophical Library; New York 1962.

Japanese (Nipponese) months
ichigatsu, sho\gatsz [1st month] (January)
nigatsu, [2nd month] (February)
sangatsu (-gatsz) [3rd month] (March)
shigatsu [4th month] (April)
gogatsu [5th month] (May)
rokugatsu [6th month] (June)
shichigatsu or nanagatsu (sh’chigatsz)
[7th month] (July)
hachigatsu (-gatsz) [8th month] (August)
kugatsu (-gatsz) [9th month] (September)
ju]gatsu (hachigatsz) [10th month] (October)
ju]ichigatsu (ju\ichigatsz) [11th month] (November)
ju]nigatsu (ju\nigatsz) [12th month] (December)

Korean days
il yo (Sunday)
il whal yo (Monday)
il wha yo (Tuesday)
il soo yo (Wednesday)
il mok yo (Thursday)
il khym yo (Friday)
il toh yo (Saturday)
Korean months
chong-wol (January)
i-wol (February)
sam-wol (March)
sa-wol (April)
o-wol (May)
yu-wol (June)
ch’il-wol (July)
p’al-wol (August)
ku-wol (September)
si-wol (October)
sip-il-wol (November)
sip-i-wol (December)
—Based on information from
Pocket English-Korean Dictionary by the Myunghwa Publishing House;
Republic of Korea; 1982.
Kurdish days
yeksem (Sunday)
dusçem (Monday)
tûzdêy, sêsçemî, se]sçem (Tuesday)
wênsdêy, çarsçem (Wednesday)
surzdêy, pêncsçemb, pe]ncsçem (Thursday)
fraydêy, ı]n, ı]nı] (Friday)
cuma, înî, sçemı] (Saturday)

Kurdish months
cenyûerî kanûn (January)
fêrûerî sibat (February)
març adar, mart (March)
êyprul nîsan (April)
mêy gulan (May)
cûn hëziran, îyûn (June)
culay îyûl, tîrme (July)
tebax (August)
sêptêmbur, îlon, sêntyabir (September)
aktowbur, aktyabir, çirî (October)
nowvêmbur, çirîya evel (November)
dusêmbur, çirîya pasçin (December)
Latin days
dies solis (dies dominica, eccl.) (Sunday)
dies lunae (Monday)
dies Martis (Tuesday)
dies Mercurii (Wednesday)
dies Jovis (Thursday)
dies Veneris (Friday)
dies Saturni (Saturday)

See Roman Months Illustrated for other Latin names.