poen-, peno-, poino-, poin-, puni-, pain-, penal-, pent-
(Greek > Latin: pain, punishment, penalty)
2. Etymology: from Latin paenitentem, referring to "a cause or a feeling of regret."
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2. Intended for or relating to the penal and reformatory treatment of criminals.
3. A reformatory prison; a house of correction.
4. In the U.S., the place of punishment in which convicts sentenced to confinement and hard labor are confined by the authority of the law.
Penitentiary science which is concerned with the processes devised and adopted for the punishment, repression, and prevention of crime, and the treatment of prisoners.
2. To have a great desire or longing for someone or something.
3. Etymology: From Middle English pinen, which came from Old English pinian, "to torture, to torment, to afflict"; from pin, "pain", ultimately from Latin poena, "punishment".
To pine or "to languish" is a derivative of an unrecorded Old English noun pine, "torture", originally borrowed into Germanic from pena, the post-classical descendant of Latin poena, "penalty" which is also the source of English pain.
Pine was one of the words introduced into Germanic with Christianity, and in English it was applied first to the "pains of hell". The noun has not been found in Old English; however, the verb pinian was common from an early period.