cad-, cas-, cid-
(Latin: to fall, befall)
2. Something that takes place unexpectedly: "Monroe chanced to hear a conversation outside his apartment that there would be no hot water after 8 a.m. because the repairmen would be working on the heater at that time."
"Bert's neighbor was caught cheating on his taxes."2. To take advantage of others by lying or breaking a rule: "The store was caught cheating its customers with false advertising."
Neighbors Patricia and Karen get along very well with each other because their interests coincide.2. Etymology: from French coincider (14th century); from Middle Latin coincidere; from Latin co-, "together" + incidere, "to fall upon" (in-, "upon" + cadere, "to fall").
2. A sequence of events that although accidental seems to have been planned or arranged: The car crash seemed to be the result of several coincidences; such as, the rain, slippery roads, and an unlighted section of the roadway.
3. An situation that might have been arranged although it was really a happenstance: When Jim attends Kate's birthday party, he wants it to look like a coincidence, even though he was carefully arranging it with her sons.
It was just by coincidence that the two ladies wore the same dress to the party.4. A timing action of two things happening at the same time: Pete tried to create a coincidence in order to meet his girl friend in the park by walking down one path while she was walking down the same one but from a different direction.
"There is a coincident connection between animal hibernation and the approach of winter."
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2. Relating to low morals and unrestrained desires for money to spend on all kinds of self-indulgent pleasures: There are those who criticize the very wealthy for decadently increasing their corruption and immorality for their personal benefits.
"Some fly larvae live in carrion and in animal flesh of varying stages of decay."2. Structural or physical deterioration: "The old barn on Hugo's farm was rapidly falling into decay."
"Carnivorous larvae of some insects are produced in the decay of vegetation, in soil, and in rotten wood."3. The process of declining in power, quality, or vigor: "The local minister reminded his church members to avoid moral decay in their lives."
4. A gradual decrease in the magnitude of a physical amount: "There is a possible decay of electrical fields in electromagnets."
2. In physics, to disintegrate or diminish by a radioactive process: The spent nuclear waste will decay in the underground storage tanks, according to the latest news reports from the government.
3. In electronics, to decrease gradually in magnitude with reference to voltage or current: During what are called "Brown Outs", the quality of light in the city's core actually decays due to the electrical circuits being overloaded.
4. In aerospace, to decrease in orbit; referring to an artificial man-made apparatus that orbits around the earth: Towards the end of a satellite's life span in space, the orbit begins to decay and it appears to circle closer to the earth's atmosphere.
5. To fall into ruin: Without good repairs to the infrastructure, the bridges leading across the river into cities will decay and fall apart.
6. In pathology, to decline in health or vigor; to waste away: The dentist cautioned that without regular tooth brushing, one's teeth will start to decay.
7. Declining from a state of normality, excellence, or prosperity; to deterioration: There are days when Dora's mother is convinced that her memory is beginning to decay because she can't seem to remember specific dates, names, etc. as well as she could before.
2. Damaged by deterioration; hence, unsound and useless: The decayed concrete supports for the bridge were unsound and the bridge was closed until repairs could be completed.